先 (xian): translation, meaning, pronunciation, examples

By | May 30, 2018

先 (Chinese PinYin: [xiān]; traditional Chinese: 先) may mean: (1) adv. first, e.g. 我先到那里 (I arrived there first); (2) adv. temporarily, e.g. 先凑合一晚 (make do with it temporarily for one night); (3) adj. deceased, e.g. 先烈 (martyr); (4) noun. first, e.g. 先例 (precedent); (5) noun. forefather, e.g. 祖先 (ancestors). It is one of the most common Chinese characters and can combine with other characters to form various phrases and expressions (see below).

1. How to pronounce 先?

Chinese Pinyin: [xiān]

Pronunciation examples: Please click to play the below audio.

Female speaker

Male speaker
Audio source: created by Baidu Voice

2. Synonyms And Antonyms of 先

Synonyms: 早,

Antonyms: 后,

3. What are the fixed expression, collocation and idioms that contains 先.

Fixed expression: 先生 (sir), 先后 (sequence; order of priority), 先锋 (pioneer), 先进 (advanced), 祖先 (ancestors), 先烈 (martyr), 先例 (precedent), 优先权 (priority), 先兆 (omen), 先知 (prophet), 先前 (before; earlier), 首先 (first),

Collocation: 缅怀先烈 (remembering the martyrs), 总统先生 (Mr President), 火山爆发的先兆 (indications of a volcanic eruption),

Idioms: 捷足先登 (the early bird catches the worm), 先发制人 (gain the initiative by striking the first blow), 先见之明 (foresight), 先来后到 (first come, first served), 未卜先知 (be able to foretell things), 有言在先 (forewarn), 未老先衰 (be prematurely senile), 先礼后兵 (try peaceful means before resorting to force), 争先恐后 (rush to the fore),先天不足 (with innate defects), 先斩后奏 (act first and report afterwards),

Terminologies: N/A

4. How to use 先 in a sentence?

Below are some example sentences and quotes containing 先.

4.1 我先前并不知道她的职业

Translation: I didn’t know her career previously.

4.2 这是我的先生, 他是我的大学同学.

Translation: This is my husband, he is my college classmate.

4.3 请按时间先后顺序排好这些调查报告.

Translation: Please keep the survey reports in chronological order.

4.4 女士优先!

Translation: Ladies first!

4.5 中国承诺在任何情况下都不会首先使用核武器。

Translation: China promises it will not be the first to use nuclear weapons under any circumstances.

4.6 曾先生,请出示您的护照和机票。

Translation: Mr. Zeng, please show your passport and ticket.

4.7 印刷术是中国首先发明的。

Translation: Printing was first invented in China.

4.8 先进的管理方法能成为促使社会发展的动力。

Translation: Advanced management methods can be the driving force for social development.

5. Stroke Order

Stroke order images provided by Wikimedia stroke order project

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