Southwest China (Region)

Southwest China (Chinese: 西南地区; pinyin: Xīnán) is one of the seven major geographical regions in China divided by both physical and human characteristics. In fact, the classification is clearly stated in the Middle School textbook ‘Physical geography of China’ (see below). At the same time, this regions is part of bigger West Regions defined by economic geography.

East China (Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Jiangxi, Shandong, Fujian and Taiwan Province)
North China (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanxi, Hebei, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region)
Central China (Henan, Hubei, Hunan)
South China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Hong Kong and Macao Special Administrative Regions)
Southwest China (Chongqing City, Sichuan Province, Guizhou Province, Yunnan Province, Tibet Autonomous Region)

southwest china
Northwest China (Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in western Alxa League)
Northeast China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Inner Mongolia, eastern)

Below are the five subregions of Southwest China:-


Chongqing is famous for the towering mountains and roaring rivers, which have witnessed the local civilization of over 3,000 years. Chongqing remains its regional importance in defense, politics, trade, and logistics during the long history; its tittle and growth has been recorded by the history of China. In the recent 100 years, Chongqing was first the commercial and trade center of the region, and the wartime capital of China and it is now on the path for greater prospect. It was an ancient military fort and now the hub connecting China’s vast west and eastern coast as well as the rest of the world ( 2016).

The mountainous Chongqing
Photo source: 2016


Sichuan Province is located in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River and it is neighboring Chongqing to east. Sichuan has a total area of 486,000 square kilometers, ranking fifth in the country, after Xinjiang, Tibet, Inner Mongolia and Qinghai. Sichuan food is the most popular style of food in China and it is among China’s main 3 cuisines. Local cities enjoy distinguished features. Leshan, Mount Emei, Dujiangyan, Langzhong are all famous tourist destinations ( 2016) in China.
chendu, home to pandas

Sichuan, home to the giant pandas
Photo source: 2016


There are four main mountains in the province: Wumeng Mountain, Dalou Mountain, Miaoling Mountain and Wuling Mountain. The mountainous areas and hills account for 92.5 percent of total area of the province. Among them, the 109,000 square kilometers of karst landscape account for 61.9% of the total land area in the province. Therefore Guizhou is known as a “natural encyclopedia” of the karst landform ( 2013).
A valley in Guizhou


Yunnan is the most westerly province of S China and nearly 26% of the whole province of 97000km is karstic. The name of Yunnan in Chinese means ’the south of the cloud’. The capital city Kunming is at an altitude of 2,000 meter, its amicable climate is known as an ’eternal spring’ by having an average annual temperature of 15 degree Celsius (Sweeting 2012). Besides a wonderful climate, Yunnan has amazing natural landscapes, fantastic ancient villages, approximately one-third of China’s ethnic minority groups and many other attractions.

The Old Town of Lijiang, Yunnan Province, China One of the best-known scenic places


Tibet (Chinese: 西藏; pinyin: Xīzàng) is a province-level administrative division of China. The Tibetan Plateau is surrounded by continuous stretches of snow-capped mountains. It is in this part of the world the Tibetans have lived and multiplied for generations. The well-known Tibetan Buddhism is distinguished by its rich mythology and art, its esoteric tantra practices, and its reincarnated lamas.

Mountains in Tibet
Source: 2014

List of reference 2016 About Chongqing [online] accessed on 9th Apr 2016, link: 2013 Overview of Guizhou [online] accessed on 9th Apr 2016, link: 2014 Winter of Tibet [online] accessed on 9th Apr 2016, link: 2016 Geographic Location and Natural Condition [online] accessed on 9th Apr 2016, link:

Sweeting, M. M. 2012 Karst in China: Its Geomorphology and Environment, New York: Springer 2016 重庆大足风光 (BEAUTIFUL VIEWS OF CHONGQING DAZU) [online] accessed on 9th Apr 2016, link:

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