South China (Region)

South China (simplified Chinese: 华南; traditional Chinese: 華南; pinyin: huá nán) is one of the seven major geographical regions in China divided by both physical and human characteristics. South China consists of 2 provinces (Guangdong & Hainan), 2 Special Administrative Regions (Hong Kong & Macao) and 1 Autonomous Region (Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region).

East China (City of Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Jiangxi, Shandong, Fujian and Taiwan Province)

North China (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanxi, Hebei, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region)

Central China (Henan, Hubei, Hunan)

South China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Hong Kong and Macao Special Administrative Regions)
Southern_China chinaabout
Southwest China (Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Tibet)

Northwest China (Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in western Alxa League)

Northeast China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Inner Mongolia, eastern)

Below are the 5 subregions of South China:-


Guangdong is a province on the southern coast of China. It is bordered to the west by Guangxi, to the northwest by Hunan, to the northeast by Jiangxi, and to the east by Fujian. In addition, the island of Hong Kong is located directly below the province, and the island province of Hainan is located further southwest, a short distance away in the South China Sea. Following China’s opening up in 1978, Guangdong has developed a market-oriented culture earlier than any other province in the country, and emerged as a leading province with high records for economic indicators such as GRP, FDI, and foreign exports. Guangdong is home to the Pearl River Delta Economic Zone, which serves as one of China’s top economic transportation engines. The capital city is Guangzhou, and the local dialect is Cantonese while Mandarin is still the official language which is also widely used ( 2013).
guangzhou, capital city of guangdong
Guangzhou, Capital City of Guangdong Province
Source: 2010

Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region

The Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region is a unique province of China that is located along the coast. Nanning, the regional capital, is about 75 miles southwest of the region’s geographic center. The picturesque scenic spots in Guangxi are famous worldwide, symbolized by Guilin, a natural beauty produced by unique karst geography. At present, the province has established several tourist attractions including three state-level natural scenic spots.
guilin, guangxi
Guilin, Guangxi
Source: Online


Situated at the southernmost tip of China, Hainan overlooks Guangdong across the Qiongzhou Strait to the north, Vietnam across the Beibu Bay to the west. Its neighbors in the South China Sea include the Philippines, Brunei and Malaysia. The jurisdiction of Hainan covers Hainan Island, the Xisha (Paracel) Islands, the Zhongsha (Macclesfield) Islands and the Nansha (Spratly) Islands as well as the surrounding maritime areas ( 2009).
Sanya, Hainan

Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

Situated on the southeast coast of China, Hong Kong’s strategic location on the Pearl River Delta and South China Sea has made it one of the world’s most thriving and cosmopolitan cities. From its earliest days as a British colony, Hong Kong served as a centre of international trade. In recent decades, as the economy of Mainland China has undergone a process of opening up, Hong Kong has transformed into a service-based economy as well as an important gateway to the world’s largest market ( 2016).
Victoria Harbor, Hong Kong
Victoria Harbor, Hong Kong
Source: Online

Macao Special Administrative Region

With more than 400 years of Portuguese settlement and 1000s of Chinese history, as well as the modern development of Macau as an entertainment ‘capital’, the innumerable attractions of this world city range from ancient heritage sites to modern buildings and shows.
Night View of Macau
Source: Online

List of reference:- 2013 Guangdong Overview [online] accessed on May 10, 2016, link: 2016 History of Hong Kong [online] accessed on May 10, 2016, link: 2009 Geographical Location [online] accessed on May 10, 2016, link:

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