Basic public services in China include education, employment, social security, health care, family planning, housing security, culture, sports and other areas existing to protect people’s basic livelihood needs. In a broad sense, public service is also associated with people’s living environment in term of transportation, communication , utilities, environmental protection and other areas of public service, and security needs such as public safety, consumer safety, and national defense and security of the public service.
21% of respondents are not satisfied with overall water quality
The 2013 (11th) Strategic Forum on Water Sector was held in Beijing from 12 to 13 April, organizer “Water Network” released the “China’s 70 urban water supply service satisfaction index” survey which showed that in 2012, among the 7 service indicators such as price of water, stability, water quality evaluating the industry performance, the lowest satisfaction is found on the water quality.
In order to understand the views of users and measure the overall satisfaction of the users of the water supply services industry; the Water Network survey customers from 70 cities across the country. The survey results show that out of 750 points in the evaluation system, the highest user satisfaction is with the stability of the water supply, 519.34 points, scores of payment method, pricing and customer service satisfaction are 513.52 points, 487.48 points and 486.99 points respectively. Scores of enterprise communication and customer satisfaction are 469.62 points and 440.09 points respectively; the lowest degree of satisfaction of users is with water quality which is only 437.62 points. The overall service satisfaction index is 479.02 points.
Reference Link: http://news.h2o-china.com/html/2013/04/115642_1.shtml
Police: Be vigilant against new counterfeit money beginning with “PL078574”
According to the ChinaNews, police of Jiangsu Province issued the alert about a new version of counterfeit money beginning with “PL078574”. Police advised that the “PL078574” counterfeit money (假币) is a new version of hundred renminbi (RMB) counterfeit money with rather closed touching-feeling compared with the authentic money.
Characteristics of the new counterfeit money include:
Beginning with PL078574;
A shorter length of 2 mm compared to the real currency;
No color change of the number “100” located in the lower-left corner of the front of the counterfeit money through different angles;
No “100” watermark in the top right corner of the front of the counterfeit money;
The middle wire inside the counterfeit money is not clear, and also intermittent.
Police said the counterfeit money cases usually occurred in the outskirts and suburban areas. Suspects usually approached two ways: Used the fake money in exchange for change during shopping or take a taxi; Used the fake money during trading, the suspects changed the real currency with counterfeit money with various excuses.
According to the Criminal Law of the People’s Republic of China, sale, purchase of counterfeit currency or knowingly transport counterfeit currency in a relatively large amount will be subject to three years imprisonment or criminal detention, and a 20,000 – 200,000 yuan fine will be imposed; in case of huge amount of counterfeit currency is involved, three to ten years imprisonment and a fine of 50,000 – 500,000 yuan will be imposed; in case of extraordinary amount of counterfeit currency is involved, more than 10-year imprisonment or life imprisonment, and a 50,000 – 100,000 yuan fine or confiscation of property will be imposed.
Reference Link: http://www.gd.chinanews.com/2013/2013-04-17/2/244135.shtml
Nearly 90% respondents agreed with a 10 yuan (US $1.6) on-the-spot fine against pedestrians crossing red traffic light in China
According to the ChinaNews, Beijing Traffic Control Department starting from April 9 will focus on remediation of phenomenon called “China-style road crossing”. In this regard, a survey showed that over 90% of Beijing residents agreed that the social awareness is not high, and nearly 90% agreed with the relevant penalties.
The so-called “China style road crossing refers to pedestrians crossing the road whenever a certain number of people are gathered despite even a red traffic light. According to the Beijing traffic control department, at present education will be the major method taken against this issue and it is supplemented by a fine. But from May 6, the traffic control department will start an on-the-spot 10 yuan fine against pedestrian violation of traffic signal.
Beijing Society and Public Opinion Survey Center released a survey on “China-style road crossing phenomenon” on 15th April which showed that 76.9% of the respondents were aware of the relevant penalties issued by the traffic control department of Beijing; 87.1% respondents welcome the penalties. At the same time, 41.5% of the respondents agreed with the point that cash fines would be more effective.
Reference Link: http://www.jx.chinanews.com.cn/2013/0409/159268.html
Basic public education
Compulsory education is the major public education service the the government offers to the school-age children. The juvenile are compulsory to receive at least 9 years of education in schools (six years spent in primary schools, three years spent in the middle schools). There will be no tuition fees and miscellaneous fees. Functional departments and various funds had been set up ensure the implementation of the compulsory education system. The nine-year compulsory education system is thus the major form of public education system in China.
In term of vocational skills training, the government targets at establishing a sound system of vocational training for the urban and rural workers to receive further skills training. Subsidies will also be offered to those who obtain certain vocational certificates through the vocational training courses held in various types of vocational schools and training institutions.
Another key field of the employment services that the government focuses is the coordination of labor relations and labor rights protection. The labor contract system is promoted widely in China to ensure the legal base for the labor rights to be protected in various employment relations. Corporate salary surveys and information release system are also set up to make sure that the government polices are made based on the updated market situation.
The major projects of social insurance includes retirement insurance, medical insurance, unemployment insurance, industrial injury insurance and maternity insurance and so on. As of the end of 2012, full coverage of social pension insurance system was achieved for residents in both urban and rural areas, this target was hit eight years earlier than originally planned. Together with the existing old-age insurance system for urban workers, China has basically formed a social pension insurance system covering both urban and rural areas.
Basic medical and health service
Basic health service is one of the major field the Chinese government focuses in the past decade. The construction of the basic medical and health service is based on the principle that “most serious illness can be cured in the county, while minor illnesses can be cured within the community”, thus various level of governments invest greatly on the improvement of the community health services recently to build up a comprehensive health service system consisting of three levels: county hospitals, township hospitals and village clinics. The relevant government departments also issue policies annually to direct the vaccination works across the country such as Influenza vaccination and Hepatitis B vaccination.
April 16: 71 cases of human infection with the H7N9 avian influenza, 14 death
According to the ChinaNews, today Jiangsu Province Health Department confirmed three new cases of human infection with the H7N9 avian influenza. Based on the Zhejiang Provincial Health Department Bulletin, as of 16:00 of April 16, Zhejiang has five new cases of human infection with the H7N9 avian influenza. At present, the country reported a total of 71 cases of human infection with the H7N9 avian influenza confirmed cases, 14 death. Among the death, Beijing (1 case), Shanghai (24 cases, 9 death), Jiangsu (20 cases, 2 death), Zhejiang (21 cases, 2 death), Anhui (2 cases, 1 death) and Henan (2 cases).
How to prevent H7N9 avian influenza? Any suggestions?
For the prevention of H7N9 avian influenza and other respiratory diseases, the Beijing Municipal Health Bureau provides five pieces of suggestions:
Suggestion No.1: Keep washing hands frequently, maintain indoor ground ventilation; ensure sufficient nutrition, adequate sleep and rest, and enhance physical exercises;
Suggestion No.2: In case of sneezing, coughing and other symptoms of respiratory infection, use a tissue, handkerchief to cover your mouth and nose to prevent infecting others. Poole with fever, cough, sore throat, general malaise and other symptoms should wear a mask, and attend to the hospital.
Suggestion No.3: Minimize unnecessary contact with livestock, in particularly avoid contact with sick or dead poultry. The poultry eggs should be fully cooked before consumption;
Suggestion No.4: Try to avoid contact with wild birds when in outdoor activities;
Suggestion No.5: The elderly and already sick residents, especially people with underlying diseases should minimize staying in areas without bad air circulation or crowded places.
Reference Link: http://www.china.com.cn/news/node_7180753.htm
98% of the IT elite suffering from physical abnormalities, over 50% with dyslipidemia
According to the Worker’s Daily, the recently released “China Urban IT Elites Health Status Survey White Paper” which shows that the health of China’s urban the IT elite group is worrying with various concerns: 98.8% of the IT elites suffering from physical abnormalities, health indexminimum among the 30-40 age group IT elite population is the lowest.
Top three abnormalities are: Dyslipidemia (50.83%), abnormal cervical spine films (34.79%), overweight / obesity (32.2%), followed by pharyngitis, fatty liver, ECG, uric acid, Helicobacter pyloripositive, hemorrhoids, high blood pressure, abnormal results associated with unhealthy lifestyles.
In recent years, cervical disorders is rising, and significantly among the younger population; Studies have shown that long-term desk workers are more likely (4 times to 6 times than normal) to suffer from cervical spondylosis.
The survey also shows that more than 90% of female have health problems, breast diseases and gynecological diseases are still the two killers of women’s health.
Reference Link: http://tech.china.com.cn/it/20130415/5877.shtml
Until 14th April: 60 confirmed H7N9 avian influenza cases in China, 13 death
According to the updated news on April 14, a total of 60 people are confirmed as infected with H7N9 avian influenza, 13 death. Among these cases:
Beijing recorded the first diagnosed cases;
Shanghai: 24 confirmed cases, 9 killed;
Anhui: 2 confirmed cases, 1 killed;
Jiangsu 16 confirmed case, 1 killed;
Zhejiang 15 confirmed case, 2 killed;
Henan 2 confirmed case.
H7N9 avian influenza drug “peramivir injection” approved and will be available soon
According to ChinaNews, with the outbreak of the H7N9 avian influenza, China’s State Food and Drug Administration of Drug Evaluation Center has approved the new drug “peramivir” developed in China into the market.
Since the SARS outbreak in 2003, under the unified arrangements of the Ministry of Science and Technology, Health and Family Planning Commission, the General Logistics Department of the Ministry of Health’s, after 10 years of research, a team led by the Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Academy of Military Medical Sciences researcher Li Song has successfully developed diosmin phosphate oseltamivir capsules, granules and peramivir trihydrate and a series of other anti-flu drugs, some had won the national invention patent and global intellectual property.
With the outbreak of the H7N9 avian influenza, Li Song together with a team performed the H7N9 virus genome sequence analysis, found out that structure of H7N9 virus neuraminidase is stable and N9 homology is greater than 98% suggesting that neuraminidase inhibitors will be effective for the epidemic. Peramivir is a new potent neuraminidase inhibitor which is effective on influenzae type HXNX virus including the recent H7N9 avian influenza.
Li Song said that the research and development of peramivir injection lasted for eight years, and all clinical studies had been completeed in 2011. It passed the technical review of the drug trial centers in December 2012. With the final approval obtained, this H7N9 avian influenza drug is expected to be available in the market soon.
Reference Link: http://www.chinanews.com/jk/2013/04-06/4705205.shtml
H7N9 avian influenza virus detected from pigeons samples
Office of the Ministry of Agriculture released news on April 4 that according to the inspection on agricultural and sideline products in the wholesale markets of Shanghai Songjiang District by the National Avian Influenza Reference Laboratory, the H7N9 avian influenza virus was detected from pigeons samples. Gene sequence analysis showed that the low pathogenic influenza virus detected is highly homologous with the H7N9 avian influenza virus.
In view of the fact that the virus is a threat to the safety of human life, the Ministry of Agriculture decided to put the animals infection with the H7N9 bird flu virus temporarily under the animal disease management. The ministry required the relevant markets in Shanghai to take strict measures for the prevention and control of animal diseases.
More H7N9 cases will be identified, influenza vaccine will take more than 6 months to develop
Director of Health Emergency Office under the Center of the China Disease Prevention and Control Center, Feng Zijian, claimed at a media interview on the 3rd April that “there is currently no vaccine against the H7N9 avian flu virus, and the National Health and Family Planning Commission is organizing vaccine research.” Up to now, the mainland of China has confirmed nine cases of human infected with the H7N9 bird flu cases, three patients died. Feng Zijian said that the, usual period of influenza vaccine R&D is 6-8 months, and vaccine against this newly discovered avian influenza virus may take longer to develop.
While asked whether H7N9 avian flu will be pandemic like SARS, Feng ziJian suggested that “at present, people with close contact with the patients showed no infection so far, thus the spread like the SARS is very unlikely. However, with the increase monitoring efforts, and monitoring procedures and policy adjustments taken, I believe more H7N9 cases will be identified.”
The main principles of popultion planning are: Advocating late marriage and fewer babies. In term of actual implementation of the policy, a couple can only have one child which is also known as one child policy (those meeting specific criteria can still have more than one child). This basic policy has contributed to the effective control of the fast growing population in China.
Basic housing service
From 2007 to 2010, China started the construction of 16,300,000 units of affordable housing, 11 million units were completed basically. The central government invested about 320 billion. Up to 2010, the country’s affordable housing accounted for 9.4% of the total urban households. Also, the government through the issuance of low-rent housing rental subsidies to help the four million urban residents to improve their housing conditions.
Public cultural and sports
Since the beginning of the new century, China has made remarkable achievements in competitive sports, the Chinese delegation at the 2012 London Olympics with 38 gold medals had achieved the best ever result in Olympics held outside China. The rapid development of the sports industry also accompanies with the improved social awareness to focus on the development of public health.
Disabled basic public services
The CPC Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to the development of the service and protection for the disabled. During the “Eleventh Five-Year” period (2006-2010), the job of public service regarding the disabled in China made a historic achievement. Over the period, the country assisted 10.38 million disabled people in obtaining varying degrees of rehabilitation, and at the same time the number of special education school was increased to 1,704. Also significant improvement was found in term of the level of compulsory education of disabled children.
Balancing the basic public services in urban and rural areas
Nearly half of China’s income gap is contributed by the gap between urban and rural areas
According to Voice of China “news and newspaper summary” report, the Research Center of Income Distribution in China announced the results of a study that the income gap between China’s urban and rural areas and also the income gap among different industries is increased. Nearly half of China’s income gap is contributed by the income gap between urban and rural areas. In addition, the income gap within the rural residents continues to expand, and the rural income gap is even greater than that within the rural area.
Industry analysis showed that, in China average income of workers in agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery are the lowest while income of workers in electricity, communications, finance and insurance industries and other monopoly industries are the highest with income differences between the highest income and lowest income within the same industry and also across different industries continue to increase. In term of the income gap between the monopoly industries and competitive industries, the unreasonable part accounts more than 50% of the total gap.
The research group suggested that the income distribution among residents, businesses and government departments is not reasonable, and the government regulation of redistribution of income is still not enough to meet the requirements of the income distribution system reform in China.
Reference Link: http://www.china.com.cn/info/2013-04/14/content_28535965.htm