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Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) and corporate strategies
Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) exerts its influences on the corporate strategies via three ways. Firstly, like stress, Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) issues also has severe effect over the employment performance. It is reasonable that employees could be focus on their job and contribute to the quality work if they are working in a poor OHS environment. Secondly, OHS also influences the corporate strategies by affecting the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) which could be defined as “A mechanism for entities to voluntarily integrate social and environmental concerns into their operations and their interaction with their stakeholders, which are over and above the entity’s legal responsibilities (Standards Australia 2003, p4). A company will have to focus on the stakeholder view and protect the stakeholders’ interest and obviously employee is one of the most important internal stakeholders for the company. And if the company could not show good management of OHS, it is reluctant to persuade other stakeholders such as the communities to believe that the company has performed well in the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) with a good public image. Thirdly, Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) is a critical factor when talents evaluate the positions offered by the company and what’s more besides the loss of productivity and morale, poor OHS conditions could also increase the labour turnover (p6). And when these happen, the company would find it hard to employ enough of qualified talents to perform the job resulting in poor task execution which would certainly have the impacts over the achievement of the strategic business goals (Grammeno, 2009). Fourthly, there is trend nowadays that Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) programs are included in the quality management especially in the large Multinational Corporations (MNCs) and a critical part of the culture of the enterprises (Stellman 1984).