Malaysian Law on Carbon Emission

By | April 25, 2014

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Section 21 of Environment Quality Act 1974 outlines the powers to specify the conditions of emission, discharge and etc. In this section, after consultation with the council, ministry may specify the acceptable condition for the emission of environmentally hazardous substance into the environment and may set aside any part of the environment in which the emission is prohibited or restricted.

Section 22 on the other hand restricts the pollution of the atmosphere. Part 1 of this section outlines that no person should emit any pollutants into the atmosphere unless licensed.  Part 1 of Section 31 of Environment Quality Act 1974 deals with the power to require the occupier to install, operate, repair and etc. Where any environmentally hazardous pollutants are being or likely to be emitted, the Director General may by notice in writing require the owner to

(a)    Install and operate any control equipment or additional control equipment

(b)   Repair, alter or replace any equipment or control equipment

(d) Measure, take a sample of, analyze, record and report any emission containing pollutants

Section 51 of this act outlines the regulations related to the environment. Part 1 (d) of section 51 prohibits the emission of solid, liquid or gaseous into the environment. Part 1 (e) prescribes the ambient air quality standards and emission standards and specifies the maximum permissible concentration of any matter discharged to the atmosphere.

The Department of Environment Malaysia (2009) introduced the Continuous Emission Monitoring System (CEMS) based on the Environmental Quality Act (EQA), 1974 under the Environmental Quality (Clean Air) Regulations 1978 and its subsequent revisions. CEMS refers to a packaged system of gas analyzers, gas sampling system, temperature, flow and opacity monitors that are integrated with a data acquisition system, that is involved in the measurement of gases, particulates and smoke (opacity) emitted from stationery source of air pollutants and to provide a continuous record of air pollution control equipment performance and to determine compliance with emission of operation limits. The emission standards regulated are as follow:

The activities specified in the regulations and subsequent revisions are:

Source ActivitiesSource CapacityFuel TypePollutantsLimit Value (mg/m3)Data Frequency
Heat & power generationBoiler ≥ 10 MWSolid &

Liquid Fuels

SO2

NO2

CO

Total PM

500

500

200

50

½ H Average

½ H Average

½ H Average

½ H Average

Boiler ≥ 10 MWeGaseous fuels in generalNO2

CO

Total PM

350

50

5

½ H Average

½ H Average

½ H Average

Combustion turbines ≥ 10MWeGaseous

Fuels

NO2

CO

150

100

½ H Average

½ H Average

Combustion Turbines ≥ 10MWeLiquid FuelsNO2

CO

200

100

½ H Average

½ H Average

Production & Processing of ferrous metals (Iron and Steel Mills)Sinter plants (waste gas from sintering belt)SO2

NO2

Total PM

500

400

50

½ H Average

½ H Average

½ H Average

Blast Furnace (Regenerator; @ 3% O2)Total PM50½ H Average
Basic oxygen furnace

(convertor gas)

Total PM50½ H Average
Electric Arc FurnacesTotal PM50½ H Average
Production & Processing of nonferrous metals With capacity ≥ 0.5 tons per day for lead or cadmium Or ≥ 2 tons per day for other metals(Iron and Steel Mills)Sinter plants (waste

gas from sintering belt)

SO2

NO2

Total PM

500

400

50

½ H Average

½ H Average

½ H Average

Production of copper &

zinc

Total PM20½ H Average
Production of leadTotal PM10½ H Average
Primary aluminumTotal PM10½ H Average
Secondary aluminumTotal PM10½ H Average
Oil & gas industries: Refineries (all sizes); Natural gas processing and storage; storage and handling petroleum productsCatalytic crackingTotal PM

SO2

40

1200

½ H Average

½ H Average

CalcinationsTotal PM40½ H Average
Non-metallic (mineral) Industry (all sizes)Cement kilnsNO2

Total PM

800

50

½ H Average

½ H Average

Glass FurnacesSO2

NO2

Total PM

800

800

50

½ H Average

½ H Average

½ H Average

Waste Incinerators (all sizes)Total PM

NMVOC as Total C

Hydrogen chloride

(HCl)

Hydrogen fluoride

(HF)

SO2

NO2

CO

100

10

40

1

50

200

50

½ H Average

½ H Average

½ H Average

½ H Average

½ H Average

½ H Average

½ H Average

Palm Oil

Mills

(all sizes

Total PM

Opacity (Smoke)

50

20%

½ H Average

Minute Average

Note:

1 Production and processing of non-ferrous metals with a capacity > 0.5 tons per day for lead or cadmium; > 2 tons per day for other metals

‘MW = megawatt

‘H = hour

‘T/day = tons of product per day

This regulation however, does not cover CO2 emission.