Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps (XPCC), is China’s only existing Production and Construction Corps which is special social organization integrating the functions of military, political and business. It is a separate the sub-provincial unit empowered to manage internal administrative, judicial affairs; it is under supervision of PRC State Council and the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Party Committee with headquarter in Urumqi.
August 1954, in accordance with the instructions of Chairman Mao Zedong, 105,000 Xinjiang PLA soldiers were demobilized and formed the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps with their 60,000 families to perform duties of safeguarding the frontier as well as fostering the farm production activities in Xinjiang. It was expected that in case of war or regional instability, these soldiers can be mobilized soon.
In the 1960s, more than 120,000 educated youths from Shanghai, Jiangsu and other provinces went to join Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps
Source: Xinhua Net