Importance of Job Security in Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

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Abraham Maslow (1943) categorized a person’s needs into five levels in a pyramid which is known as Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs. In this hierarchy of needs model from bottom to the top people will progress to seek to satisfy physiologic needs which are the most fundamental needs such as having food and drink, safety needs such physical safety, love and belongingness, self-esteem and self-actualization in the top of the pyramid. Once the lower level needs are satisfied, people will move the needs to the next higher class need. In a work environment, the model also applies as there is also hierarchy of needs in the work place. In the lowest level in term of satisfying the physiological needs in the work environment, most probably getting a job to afford the necessities could be the priority of the person. Soon after getting a job, safety needs in the work place could take the form of the need to be free of the fear of deprivation of the current work (McConnell 2004, p90). For example, in a case concerning downsizing, within the wide spreading rumors suggesting that there might be a large scale layoff happening soon, the security of the job has been under threat so that it would be reasonable that the employees would perceive the fears.

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