Gender imbalance in China has become an issue ever since the gender of babies could be identified in the hospitals in the 1980s. According to data from the national press release in 2011, the average male against female birth rate percentage or gender ratio in the national level in 117.78 boys against 100 baby girls, while this digit is actually showing a trend of continual / gradual decline as the same ratio was 119.45 in 2009 and 117.4 in year of 2010, probably thanks to the strict birth control policy or one child policy by measures such as ban on the illegal gender test in hospitals as well as the so called selective abortions.
The history of gender imbalance could be dated back to the 1980s when ultrasound inspection had been allowed and provided in the hospitals. The gender imbalance in the national level had ever since grown slowly but significantly over the later two decades reaching a peak of somewhere more than 120 in year of 2008 with variants observed in different provinces.
The gender imbalance in China is considered to be an influential social issue with long term impacts on the country’s economic and social development:-
First of all, marriage could be a problem. It is estimated that in year 2020, 24 million men under marriage age would not get marriage because the theoretical shortage of women while the influence of the initial gender imbalance in the 12980s and 1990s become obvious.
Secondly, some direct and indirect results from this gender imbalance and more than 24 millions of men being excluded from marriage could be serious such as higher divorce rate, social unrest, population / human trafficking, homosexuality, prostitution and ect.
Thirdly, gender imbalance in China in nature is a population issue. By having more males against women, the birth rate in China could be further reduced which enhance another major social issue that would certainly impact the Chinese economy and social development significantly, the aging population.