Determinants of team cohesiveness and consequences of team cohesiveness

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1.        Determinants of team cohesiveness and consequences of team cohesiveness


1.1    Determinants of team cohesiveness


Team cohesiveness is a dynamic process that culminates in a group’s tendency to remain united in pursuing its goals and objectives (Carron 1982). Two major features of team cohesiveness are marked out by this definition: dynamic process and united in pursuing the goals. The dynamic process means that team cohesiveness is a changing process with internal or external factors influencing the process such as interpersonal issues and role formation. And the term “united in pursuing the goals” suggests that the team cohesiveness is based on the goals to be achieved by the team. Several determinants of team cohesiveness are listed below:


1.1.1            Group norms


Studies of work-team effectiveness find out that team cohesiveness and performance might be depends on group norms (Sundstrom, DeMeus & Futrell 1990) which could be defined as the standards of behavior that groups expect of their members (Ferrell, Fraedrich & Ferrell 2009, p195). This means that the extent to which the group norms are accepted by the group members could have great influences over the team cohesiveness.

1.1.2            Constancy of members and level of maturity


Team cohesiveness is believed to be strengthened by constancy of team members, level of the team member maturity and their previous experiences with teamwork (Newlands 2007, p.36). This is also in accordance with general understanding of the group development practices. For example in our real life experiences, if it is the first time someone is joining a group, then he or she may not be matured enough to performance the job assigned to him or her. And also if there are frequent changes of the team members then it is no doubt that the team cohesiveness will be effected as members often need to get to know new peoples.


1.2    Consequences of team cohesiveness


1.2.1            Less interpersonal conflicts


As just mentioned, a team with good cohesiveness tends to have matured team members who have previously had team work experiences and know how to contribute to the team work. By having matured team members, the high level of team cohesiveness will help reduce the chance of the interpersonal conflicts between the team members. And this helps the team to remain efficient in their work.


1.2.2            Synergy effect and better team performance


When united, team members could work as a whole which helps generate synergy effect to make the team performance more than the simple add up of the individuals. And the most desired consequence of the team cohesiveness will be a better team performance in term of achieving the team targets faster and better in quality.