China’s State Council Information Office published “China’s Progress in Human Rights in 2012” White Paper and pointed out new progress had been achieved in the field of judicial protection of human rights in China , as the state strictly controlled the use of death penalty.
The White Paper said that the NPC Standing Committee adopted the “Criminal Law Amendment (8th)”, with the abolition of the death penalty for 13 non-violent economic crimes, the death penalty has been reduced by nearly one-fifth. The amendment also applies death penalty restrictions on criminals who have reached the age of 75. Supreme People’s Court, Supreme People’s Procuratorate jointly issued the “Regulations on handling death penalty cases and review of the judgment with more stringent standards. The revised Code of Criminal Procedure requires the imposition of the death penalty cases through second trial, and strengthen the review of death sentences supervision.
The white paper says China improved the housing, living and medical conditions for the detained persons. At the end of 2012, detainees security risk rating mechanism had been established in 2,391 detention centers, accounting for 89.1% of the total number of the detention centers; 1,774 Detention Center detainees set up counseling rooms, accounting for 66.1% of the total number of the detention centers; 1,893 the detention centers providing two-way Internet video service, accounting for 70.5% of the total number of the detention center; 2,532 Detention Center set up detainees complaint handling mechanism, accounting for 94.3% of the total number of the detention centers.
The White Paper claimed that in 2012, the lawyer agents handled 230 million pieces of litigation, 280,000 legal aid cases. In 2012, legal aid cases were more than 1 million pieces, legal advice and assistance was offered to 5.68 million people, an increase of 56.4% and 17.1% respectively compared with 2009.