Brief Introduction to China’s Physical Geography

By | February 9, 2014

china map and location of china in world

Location of China in the World

China is situated in the eastern part of Asia, on the west coast of the Pacific Ocean, in the southeastern part of the Eurasian continent. China borders 14 countries including Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Mongolia, North Korea, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, India, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Afghanistan.

The territory of China spans nearly 50 degrees in latitude and 60 degrees in longitude. The extreme points of China include:-

Easternmost point: 135°2′30’’E (intersection of the Heilongjiang (Amur) and Ussuri rivers);

Westernmost point: 73°29’59.79″E (near the western end of the Pamirs);

Northernmost point: 53°33′N,124°20′E (Mohe in Heilongjiang Province);

Southernmost point: 35°1‘00“N,112°17’09”E (Lidi Ansha / Lydi Shoal);

Area of China

With a total area of 3.7 million square miles (9,598,094 square km), China is the fourth largest country in the world following Russia, Canada and the United States. Provincial areas are as following:-

1 Xinjiang 1,664,900 sq.km
2 Tibet 1,228,400 sq.km
3 Inner Mongolia 1,183,000 sq.km
4 Qinghai 720,000 sq.km
5 Sichuan 485,000 sq.km
6 Heilongjiang 473,000 sq.km
7 Gansu 455,000 sq.km
8 Yunnan 394,000 sq.km
9 Guangxi 236,300 sq.km
10 Hunan 211,800 sq.km
11 Shaanxi 205,800 sq.km
12 Hebei 190,000 sq.km
13 Jilin 187,400 sq.km
14 Hubei 185,900 sq.km
15 Guangdong 179800 sq.km
16 Guizhou 176,200 sq.km
17 Henan 167,000 sq.km
18 Jiangxi 166,900 sq.km
19 Shandong 157,000 sq.km
20 Shanxi 156,000 sq.km
21 Liaoning 145,700 sq.km
22 Anhui 139,600 sq.km
23 Fujian 121,400 sq.km
24 Jiangsu 102,600 sq.km
25 Zhejiang 101,800 sq.km
26 Chongqing 83,000 sq.km
27 Ningxia 66,400 sq.km
28 Taiwan 36,200 sq.km
29 Hainan 33,920 sq.km
30 Beijing 16,807 sq.km
31 Tianjin 11,300 sq.km
32 Hong Kong 10,980 sq.km
33 Shanghai 6,340 sq.km
34 Macau 254 sq.km

Major Mountains and Rivers

China’s top 4 rivers are:

No.1 Yangtze River, with a full-length of 6300 km, it is the world’s third longest river;

No. 2 Yellow River, China’s second longest river, it has a total length of 5,464 km, it is one of the cradles of ancient Chinese civilization. Yellow River is known as the mother river in China;

No.3 Heilongjiang river in northern China, it has a total length of 4,400 kilometers;

No.4 Pearl River in southern China, it has a total length of 2,214 kilometers.

China’s top 4 mountains are:

No. 1 Himalayas: located along the border between China and India, Nepal and other countries, stretching over 2400 km with an average elevation of 6,000 meters, it is the world’s tallest mountains.

No. 2 Kunlun Mountains: it covers the west of the Pamirs, northwestern part of Sichuan Province, east China, it is more than 2500 kilometers with an average altitude of 5000-7000 meters, its highest peak is 7,719 meters above sea level.

No.3 Tianshan Mountains: located in central part of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (in northwestern part of China) with an average altitude of 3000-5000 meters, the highest peak is 7455.3 meters above sea level.

No. 4 Tanggula: located in the central part of Tibetan Plateau with an average elevation of 6,000 meters, the highest peak is 6,621 meters above sea level, it is the starting point of China’s longest river, the Yangtze River.