Assignment paper: Reflections group study

By | April 21, 2014

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Content page

  1.      Introduction……………………………………………………………………………………………… 2
  2. Review and paraphrase team building relative theories…………………………………… 2
  3. Reflection on our group work……………………………………………………………………… 3

3.1      Major features of effective presentations…………………………………………….. 4

3.2      Reflection on presentation skills…………………………………………………………. 5

  1. Conclusions………………………………………………………………………………………………. 5

Reference list………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 6

1.        Introduction

 

This report will cover two major areas: the first part will be mainly regarding to the theoretical review of the team building relative theories such as the Tuckman (1965)’s five-stage team development model; and the second major part will be the reflection of our group work in term of major features of effective presentations and reflection on presentation skills. And the report ends in a critical thinking about what we learn about the groups development and presentation skills.

 

2.        Review and paraphrase team building relative theories

 

In term of group development, Tuckman (1965) develop a four-stage model that describes how a team could develop into and experience and this model was later evolve into the famous five stage team development model after the following researches and studies. These five stages include: forming during which team member are getting to know each other; storming during which competition and disagreement occurs; norming stage during which members are starting to work in cooperation resulting in the raise of team productivities to a medium high level; performing stage during which commitment has been built up among team members with high team productivity and the last stage is adjourning when the team is going the break up due to a lot of reason. In term of individual team member role playing, Belbin (1981) indentified nine roles that one may play in the team work: Implementer, co-ordinator, shaper, plant, resource investigator, monitor-evaluator, team worker, completer-finisher and specialist. The description of these nine roles are stated and illustrated in the table below. Researches also find out that all individuals have a secondary role which consists of the team skills that are second highest in their results (Unknown 2000). The later discussion will be based on these two team development theories.

 

Table 1 Belbin (1981)’s nine roles in the team work

 

3.        Reflection on our group work

 

Our group develop in quite similar stages following the Tuckman (1965)’s five-stage team development model. So far our team experience three major stages: forming, storming and norming. During the forming stage, the team members including me have been very nice to each other but at the same time some potential conflicts are hidden below the surface. And these potential conflicts lead to the storming stage in which even the leadership of the team leader had been challenged. In the third and current stage we have been experiencing is the norming stage in which we start to work interdependently and the team performance is raising though still cannot be considered as high performing. There are two steps that have not been experienced by our team: performing and adjourning. The performing stage is the most desired result that we expect to achieve. As for me in term of Belbin (1981)’s individual role in the team, the role that best describes the role that I play among the team members is resource investigators as I am mainly in charge of finding the resource that is useful for us. We are acting very close to a team but there is still distance from a high performing team because I think our team still need time to develop and step into the performing stage in Tuckman (1965)’s five-stage team development model. And currently we are a medium performing team.

 

3.1    Major features of effective presentations

 

During our presentation, we have notice that there are several major features that are linked to the effective presentations. These several features also correspond with the Tierney (1996) ideas in making effective presentations: be responsible to audience, making conscious decisions, making decisions before, during and after the presentation and be aware of the strengths and weaknesses. Among these factors we found be responsible to the audience is of great importance as the most frequent mistake that we make during our presentation is ignoring our audience which make our presentation less effective and welcome among the students and lectures’ eyes.

 

3.2    Reflection on presentation skills

 

As just mentioned I had been playing the role of resource investigators during my past experiences in the team as the one in charge of locating the needed resource. And if next time I got the change I will do a different and challenge job: a coordinator to demonstrate my potential as a team leader because I want to develop myself in term of being confident and coordinating the various jobs in the tem development.

 

4.        Conclusions

 

The main lesions that we have learnt from participating team work in the class are two folds: firstly, as a member of the team we are formed to achieve a common goal that should be shared and acknowledged among all the team members; and secondly we are also individuals who have different characters and talents, we should on one hand compromised ourselves to be team members if necessary and on the other hand we are capable of different job and we should find ourselves the most suitable role that we can play and contribute to the group work.

 

 

Reference list

 

Belbin, R. M., 1981, Management Teams: Why They Succeed or Fail, 1st edition, Oxford: Elsevier’s Science & Technology

 

Tierney, E. P., 1996, How to make effective presentations, London: Sage Publications

 

Tuckman, B. W, 1965, Development sequence in small groups, Psychological bulletin, p384-399

 

Unknown 2000, Managing Teams, London: Select Knowledge