Trichosanthes kirilowii (scientific name: Trichosanthes kirilowii Maxim., Chinese Pinyin: Gua Lou, Simplified Chinese: 栝楼, 瓜萎, 瓜楼, 药瓜), is a species of perennial flowering climbing plant in genus Trichosanthes (cucumber family Cucurbitaceae). Found on hillsides, in grassland, bush fallow and fields (usually from between 200 to 1,800 meters in elevation) in China, North Korea, Japan, Vietnam and Laos, the plant can grow up to 10 m long. The fruits of Trichosanthes kirilowii is used as antipyretic, expectorant, lump resolver and aperitive in traditional Chinese medicine (CTM) and widely adopted in treating different diseases and health problems, such as constipation, coronary heart disease and diabetes.
2. Odour, Properties And Channels:
The fruits of Trichosanthes kirilowii is considered to have sweet, mildly bitter and cold properties and to be associated with the lung, stomach and large intestine meridians.
3. Uses, Health Benefits of Trichosanthes Kirilowii & Medical Formulas:
3.1 Cold, Flu, Fever And Coughing
Pills made with Trichosanthes kirilowii seeds and fresh ginger juice is taken orally to treat productive cough.
Ointment made with smashed Trichosanthes kirilowii fruits, honey and alum is taken orally to treat nonproductive cough.
Pork lung cooked with Trichosanthes kirilowii fruits, fructus mume and almond is taken to treat lung dysfunction with coughing.
3.2 Chronic Diarrhea
Ash from burning Trichosanthes kirilowii seeds is taken with wine to treat chronic diarrhea.
3.3 Fever Only At The Night
Trichosanthes kirilowii seeds, indigo naturalis, root of nutgrass are powdered and mixed with honey and taken orally to treat high fever only at the night.
A decoction of Trichosanthes kirilowii seeds is taken orally to treat jaundice in adults caused by liver and gallbladder disorders.
A decoction of adenophora hunanensis nannf root, pig kidney, black soybean, shepherd’s-purse, gypsum, ginseng, poria cocos, magnetite, rhizoma anemarrhenae, the root of kudzu vine, Scutellaria baicalensis, Trichosanthes kirilowii and licorice root can be used in treating diabetes.
3.6 The Digestive System
Pills made with Physalis alkekengi fruits, Amaranthus tricolor seeds, Iris ensata seeds, Siberian elm bark, radix bupleuri, Trichosanthes kirilowii and honey is taken with costus root soup to treat latent heat in the interior.
The Ben Cao Medical Book (also known as Compendium of Materia Medica or Ben Cao Gang Mu; Chinese: 本草纲目) is the most famous and comprehensive medical book ever written in the history of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Compiled and written by Li Shi-zhen (1518~1593), a medical expert of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) over 27 years.
The Ben Cao Medical Book records and describes all the plants, animals, minerals, and other objects that were believed to have medicinal properties in TCM. The book reflects the pharmaceutical achievements and developments of East Asia before the 16th century. On the basis of his predecessors’ achievements in the pharmacological studies, Li contributed further by supplementing and rectifying many past mistakes and misconception in relate to nature of many medicinal substances and causes of various illnesses. Charles Darwin, originator of the biological theory of evolution, regards the book as the “ancient Chinese encyclopedia”.
Disclaimer: The Ben Cao Medical Book is translated by ChinaAbout.net. The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of CTM knowledge and information from the research and experience from the author Li Shi-zhen. Kindly be alert that the CTM knowledge and ancient formulas given above are likely NOT medically proven and may contain misconceptions.