A Sudden Cardiac Death (SCD) attack is when there is an abrupt loss of heart function and can be due to a variety of heart conditions. With the accelerated pace of modern life, increase pressures in study and work in China, the annual number of death due to heart disease is constantly increasing. “China Cardiovascular Disease Report 2011” shows that China’s annual number of sudden death due Sudden Cardiac Death (SCD) is as many as 55 million people, the number of daily death reaches 1500, equivalent to crashing of five Boeing 747 planes. In another word, every minute one person becomes victim of Sudden Cardiac Death (SCD).
Consequences of late treatment
For every minute that a person in cardiac arrest goes without being successfully treated (by defibrillation), the chance of survival decreases by 7 percent per minute in the first 3 minutes, and decreases by 10 percent per minute as time advances beyond ~3 minutes. Due to the importance of early treatment, there is also a rule called “Golden four minutes” in treatment of sudden cardiac death attack.
Automated External Defibrillator
An automated external defibrillator (AED) is a portable device that checks the heart rhythm. If needed, it can send an electric shock to the heart to try to restore a normal rhythm. AEDs are used to treat Sudden Cardiac Death (SCD). For those who are not equipped with ECG recognition skill, automated external defibrillator (AED) is a recommended device to be used by the first witness who discovered the case of Sudden Cardiac Death (SCD).
Lack of AED and public awareness in China to deal with SCD
Automated external defibrillator (AED) has been widely equipped in the public areas in major western countries, however in China where the largest number of SCD deaths happens, only a dozen of Automated external defibrillator (AED) devices are equipped in international airport of major cities such as Beijing. Even among these limited areas, people are not trained to use the AED thus the chance of saving patients under Sudden Cardiac Death (SCD) is minimized.
Reference: Beijing Youth Daily, Wiki, nih.gov,