According to the website of State Oceanic Administration, the State Oceanic Administration released the “12th Five-Year Plan” of National Oceanic Development in China. The Plan includes a total of 18 chapters in respect of the management of marine resources, island protection and development, the protection and restoration of marine ecosystems, and marine disaster prevention and mitigation, maritime rights and interests maintenance. The planning period is up to 2015, and the vision is up to 2020. Automatically translated as follows:
“12th Five-Year Plan” of National Oceanic Development in China
China is located in the west coast of the Pacific Ocean, mainland coastline is 18,000 km long, the island area of 500 square meters over 6900, internal waters and territorial sea area of 380,000 km2.Accordance with the relevant provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and China’s claim, under the jurisdiction of China’s sea area of about 3 million square kilometers. In addition, the international seabed area has the exclusive right to explore and priority rights to develop 75,000 square kilometers of mine for polymetallic nodules and polymetallic sulphides mining area of 10,000 square kilometers, the establishment of the Great Wall, Zhongshan and Kunlun, the Yellow River in the north and south poles scientific research station.
As a developing maritime power, China in the ocean has a wide range of strategic interests. With the development of economic globalization and the formation of an open economy and the deepening of the oceans as a link between international trade and cooperation exchange increasingly apparent, more prominent strategic position in the provision of resources to protect and expand space for development. “Twelve Five” is the critical period of development of China’s marine industry, efforts to enhance the marine development, control and comprehensive management capabilities, the ocean fully developed in co-ordination, to safeguard the country “going out” strategy, the implementation of major initiatives for the promotion of coastal areas of economic and social development of national economic development pattern, and the comprehensive construction well-off society, of great strategic significance.
2008 the State Council approved the implementation of the National Oceanic career development planning framework “, the planning, combined with the new situation facing the deployment of a comprehensive and in-depth on the the marine career development in the new period. This plan within the meaning of the marine industry, covering the integrated management of marine resources, environment, ecology, economy, equity and security and public service activities. Planning period to 2015, Vision 2020.
Chapter 1. Environment Development
“Eleventh Five-Year” since the development of China’s marine industry breakthrough, while also facing the grim situation and many challenges. Need a global vision and strategic thinking, to examine the new situation of the development of the marine industry, accurately grasp the new feature of the development of the marine industry, continue to seize the important period of strategic opportunities to effectively resolve contradictions and problems in the development process, and strive to create a marine career development of new situation.
Section I Achievements Review
“Eleventh Five-Year” period, the national ocean awareness significantly enhanced marine planning work is carried out in an orderly manner, marine development strategy gradually clear. Further promote international cooperation in marine effectively protect national maritime rights and interests and maritime security, China’s sea areas under the jurisdiction of the regular cruise law enforcement. Marine science and technology is a major breakthrough with the iconic deep-sea exploration technology has reached or close to the world advanced level, the territorial sea, the exclusive economic zone and international waters resources environment and scientific investigation launched extensive. The ocean sustained and rapid economic growth, significantly enhanced role in boosting the development of the national economy. Focus on the marine environment pollution control measures being implemented gradually and construction has made significant progress in marine protected areas. The marine public service and support of disaster prevention and mitigation support capabilities significantly enhanced waters, islands, sea transportation, marine fisheries and maritime security management achieved positive results, further enhance the comprehensive marine management capacity.
Section II Opportunities and Challenges
“Twelve Five” speed up the adjustment of China’s marine industry, to expand and enhance the critical period. The recommendations of the CPC Central Committee on the development of the national economy and social development of the 12th Five-Year Plan “and the” People’s Republic of China’s national economy and social development in the 12th Five-Year Plan “put a higher demand on marine career development do important deployment. The development of the marine industry is facing new opportunities, but there are also a number of serious challenges. First, with the rapid economic development of the coastal areas as well as speed up the gathering of the waterfront industry, the scientific use of marine resources, the reasonable protection of the marine ecological environment more arduous tasks, the urgent need to strengthen the guidance and regulation of changes in the marine mode of economic development and layout optimization, and effectively improve the marine economic monitoring and assessment, marine disaster prevention and mitigation and marine resources, environmental regulatory capacity. Second is to accelerate the transformation of an urgent requirement in the face of increasingly fierce competition in the world of marine science and technology of the grim situation and the mode of development of the national economy, the lack of urgent need to improve the Seas core technology, a serious shortage of the status of the transformation rate, science and technology high-end talent, optimize the allocation of scientific and technological resources , and effectively improve the ability of marine science and technology innovation and efforts to train personnel. With the implementation of the strategy of reform and opening up of the sea and “going out” the accelerated pace of comprehensive marine coordination mechanism needs to be improved, and effectively improve the maintenance of maritime rights and interests, marine safety, rapid disposal of marine emergencies and participate in the maintenance of international maritime order and other aspects of capacity.
Chapter 2 The general requirements
Actively adapt to the new changes in domestic and international situation, based on the foundation for the development, opportunities for future growth, innovation and development of ideas, guiding the development of science to determine the cause of the ocean with the “12th Five-Year” period, principles and objectives of promoting China’s marine industry to a new level.
Section 1 guiding ideology
Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important thought of “Three Represents” as guidance, to the theme of scientific development, to accelerate the transformation of economic development as the main line, as the support of institutional innovation and technological progress, adhere to the co-ordination of the land and sea, use of marine resources in a scientific and reasonable protection of the marine ecological environment, and actively promote the development of marine economy, marine awareness and prosperity of marine culture, safeguarding national maritime rights and interests, to participate in international maritime affairs, and expand space for development, and comprehensively improve marine development, control and management capabilities for building a modern maritime power laid a solid foundation.
Section II basic principles
Adhere to the co-ordination of land and sea. Correctly handle the relationship between coastal areas of economic and social development and utilization of marine resources, marine ecology, environmental protection, the basic idea of the integrated and coordinated economic and social development of the land and sea, function, key tasks and management system.
Adhere to a global perspective. Correctly handle the timely sum up own practice and relationship full advantage of international experience, innovation and development of ideas, actively participate in international maritime affairs, exchanges and cooperation, and actively undertake international responsibilities and obligations, to establish a more open, modern marine development concept.
Adhere to service-oriented. Correctly handle the marine industry rapid development and improvement of the social relationship between the level of public services, innovative management system and mechanism, and effectively improve the marine industry on the development of the national economy and social undertakings progressive service support capability.
Adhere to sustainable development. Correctly handle the relationship between the development of marine resources and ecological environment protection, standardize the order of the marine development, changes in the marine mode of economic development, improve the ability of marine disaster prevention and mitigation efforts to promote the coordinated development of economy, society and environment.
Adhere to scientific and technological innovation. Correctly handle speed up the development of the marine industry and improve the comprehensive competitiveness of the relationship, optimize the allocation of scientific and technological resources, and promote the transformation of scientific and technological achievements to speed up the training and the introduction of talent, and effectively improve the supporting role of science and technology to the development of marine industry.
Section 3 Development Goals
“Twelve Five” period, the marine industry development objectives are:
– Integrated ocean management capacity has increased steadily. Comprehensive marine management system and mechanism to further improve the laws, regulations and policies related to the sea is increasingly sound, the marine joint law enforcement efforts continue to increase. Waters, islands, marine environment, transportation, fisheries management more standardized powerful and effective implementation of the monitoring report of the evaluation system of marine economy, marine management control means significantly strengthened.
– Marine significantly enhance the capacity for sustainable development. The trend of the deterioration of the marine environment has been checked into the sea pollutant emissions has been effectively controlled, inshore water quality remained stable overall the key inshore water quality has improved. Marine protected areas accounted for the proportion of the waters under the jurisdiction area of up to 3% in 2015 from 1.1% in 2010, the continental natural shoreline retention rate of not less than 36%.
– The marine public services significantly optimized. Marine disaster monitoring and forecasting and early warning level, storm surge disaster alert released 12 hours in advance, the tsunami disaster warning posted within 30 minutes after the undersea earthquake. Ocean disaster prevention and mitigation system gradually improve, 89 new marine stations, built three large-scale integrated maritime observation platform, the volunteer ship not less than 400. Oceanographic survey and mapping, marine, marine Standards and Metrology public service capacity improved significantly. The sea frontier inspection and maritime security and management services and increased the capacity. Life at Sea rescue efficiency steadily.
– Ocean cruises continue to strengthen law enforcement capacity. Waters under the jurisdiction rights cruise enforcement spatial and temporal coverage to further enhance the response to maritime violations and other illegal acts emergency response and on-site disposal capacity has improved significantly involved in the maintenance of international key sea channel to protect the safety and maritime strategy have been strengthened.
– Marine science and technology innovation capacity has increased significantly. The level of China’s marine basic research advanced in the world, the ocean looking and key technology research and development capabilities significantly enhanced. Deep-sea oil and gas development, R & D capabilities of the deep-sea resources exploration technology to achieve substantial breakthroughs, offshore wind energy engineering equipment, desalination and comprehensive utilization of equipment to achieve large-scale industrialization, desalination of raw materials, equipment manufacturing, independent innovation rate of more than 70% of the island The new water supply amount of the contribution rate of more than 50%, the contribution rate on the coastal dryland new industrial water supply volume reached more than 15%. Marine science and technology contributed up to 60% of the marine economy. The proportion of bachelor degree or above 55% in the marine industry practitioners rely on the major marine science and technology projects or programs, training about 100 world-class marine science and technology leading talent.
By 2020, the overall objective of the development of marine industry: marine science and technology independent innovation capability and industrialization level has increased significantly. Marine development layout is fully optimized, the the waters use of the intensification of continuously improve. Land-based sources of pollution has been effectively controlled, the the offshore ecological environment deteriorating been fundamentally reversed the trend of decline in marine biodiversity basic curb. The validity and relevance of macroeconomic regulation and control of marine economy significantly enhanced, comprehensive marine management system tend to improve co-ordination ocean affairs, rapid response, public service capacity is significantly enhanced. The ability to participate in international maritime affairs and influence significantly improved, continue to expand international waters and polar scientific expeditions. Maritime awareness of the whole society to a general increase in marine increasingly sound legal and regulatory system. Be effectively safeguard and protect national maritime rights and interests of maritime safety, marine power strategic milestones are achieved.
Chapter 3. Marine resource management
Adhere to the principles of sustainable development, strengthening standardized management, scientific conservation and utilization of living marine resources, to strengthen marine resources, marine renewable energy and offshore oil and gas resources development and utilization planning guidance, and effectively improve marine resources to promote marine economy and coastal areas of economic and social support the development of security role.
The first section to strengthen management of marine fishery resources
To strengthen the management of marine aquaculture, reasonable assurance as to the scale of farming, adjust and optimize the layout of marine aquaculture, and actively expand the deep water offshore aquaculture cage to support factory recirculating aquaculture, and to speed up the construction of the standardization of aquaculture and healthy farming standards popularization and application. Strengthen the construction of artificial reefs and marine ranch, reasonably determine the proliferation of releasing varieties, increase the proliferation of fisheries resources in the coastal waters of releasing efforts. Constantly improve the fishing moratorium in the system, continue to implement the marine fishing vessels the total and the total power control system, promotes fishing equipment renewal, 2015 the total number of fishing vessels and the amount of power that is not the actual number exceeded 2010. Offshore fishing continue to implement policies to support the development and expansion of oceanic fisheries, consolidating and improving ocean fisheries, strengthen the exploratory fishing and exploitation of new resources and new fishing grounds, and actively building a multi-functional integrated fisheries overseas development bases. Study and formulate policies and measures to promote the healthy development of marine fisheries.
Section II increase the exploration and development of offshore oil and gas resources
Strengthen the strategic investigation and evaluation of the Yellow Sea, the East China Sea and other waters of the South China Sea oil and gas resources, to complete key sea oil and gas resources survey. Increase the Yellow Sea, South China Sea, the East China Sea oil and gas exploration, strengthen the oil and gas resource potential of the deep water area of scientific research, increase research efforts deepwater exploration and development of technology and equipment, and strive to achieve commercial oil and gas exploration. Implementation of the waters of gas hydrate resources survey, and actively develop the exploration and exploitation of technology and equipment to carry out the test mining engineering.
Section III promote the comprehensive utilization of sea water
Accelerate the formulation to promote the direct utilization of seawater desalination and comprehensive utilization of policy measures to expand the size of the coastal city water use. Seawater cooling and circulating cooling implemented in the coastal areas of electric power, chemical, petrochemical, metallurgical and other industries that use the sea water reached 750-1000 billion cubic meters in 2015. Actively create a national desalination and comprehensive utilization demonstration cities, continue to support the implementation of the desalination project in Tianjin, Dalian, Qingdao, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Xiamen, Ningbo and other cities according to local conditions. Coastal provinces are encouraged to select the first group of coastal cities and counties to carry out pilot desalination and comprehensive utilization of seawater, to expand desalination and comprehensive utilization of seawater scale. The Liao Ning Zhanghai, Long Island, Shandong, Zhejiang Zhoushan, Pingtan, Fujian, Guangdong, South Australia, Guangxi Weizhou and Paracel Islands, Hainan island, vigorously develop desalination, island residents to meet the domestic water. 2015, desalination capacity of 220-260 million cubic meters / day. Promote the comprehensive utilization of chemical resources in seawater and brine resources, speed up the concentrated seawater salt making extracting potassium, bromine extraction, mention magnesium, lithium mention its deep processing industrialization process, the construction of the National seawater industrial base.
The fourth quarter to accelerate marine renewable energy use
Speed up the marine renewable energy exploration and evaluation, preparation of the development plan, the use of national marine renewable energy special funds to strengthen the development and application of ocean energy. To carry 200MW tidal water wheels generation, the megawatt trend generation, 100-kilowatt new wave energy demonstration projects. Carried out to explore the thermal energy and marine biomass energy use. Local conditions to develop offshore wind power, and guide the wind farm layout and gradually advance to the deep water far shore. Development and International Maritime Academy, protection of international and non-governmental activities of international organizations.
Chapter 4. Waters intensive use
Adhere to intensive conservation sea, to strengthen the management of sea areas, strict implementation of the marine function zoning system, strengthen the management of the Reclamation and major construction projects with the sea, and improve the use of sea areas mechanism, regulate the the waters use of order, improve the efficiency of use of sea areas.
The first section to strengthen the management of sea areas
Comprehensively promote the national, provincial, municipal and county levels waters to monitor the dynamic monitoring system, supervised the whole process of key projects with the sea. Implementation of differentiated waters supply policy. Development of various construction projects using the gold standards for collecting sea standards, timely adjustment of the sea. To carry out evaluation of the value of marine resources, and promote the implementation of sea use rights bidding, auction and listing-for-sale, improve and standardize the market of sea use rights transfer mechanism. Strengthen waters dynamic supervision and inspection of law enforcement to carry out special inspection on a regular basis, for all kinds of use of the sea and increase efforts to investigate and deal with violations. Regulation and repair work and promote the national coast and coastal waters, to 2015, to complete the renovation and repair of not less than 1000 km length of coastline.
Section II of the strict implementation of the system of marine function zoning
Further improve the system of marine function zoning, to speed up the preparation of the marine function zoning at all levels, the scientific division of waters, to co-ordinate the waters of space development, improve the utilization efficiency of sea areas, to strengthen marine function zoning implementation of supervision and inspection, and play a marine function zoning integrity , basic, binding effect. Optimization the shoreline allocation of resources, strengthen the shoreline protection and utilization of the overall planning, layout and intensity of regulation of shoreline development, strict control of the development and utilization of the occupied coastline and prominent coastline social services. Strictly limit the high energy consumption, high pollution and low-level redundant construction projects with the sea, the rational distribution of coastal ports, coastal towns and the port industrial zone.
Section III strengthen the management of the reclamation and major construction project with the sea
Strict reclamation annual program management, scientifically determine the the Reclamation size and timing. Strengthen reclamation assessment and appraisal of the implementation of the plan, increase efforts to investigate and deal with illegal reclamation behavior. To strengthen the management of the approval of the reclamation project with the sea, strict implementation of the construction project sea pre-trial system, and environmental impact assessment system, good scientific proof of a major construction project site. Strengthen the focus on contiguous reclamation management, strictly control the inner bay reclamation, to reduce the destruction of the natural coastline, bays, islands, wetlands, aquatic biological resources, underwater artifacts. Specification the submarine cable pipes and the military use of the sea management.
Chapter 5. Island protection and development
Implement the “Law on Protection Island, to speed up the implementation of the island conservation planning and implementation of the Island Classification partition management, strengthen the protection of the rational development of uninhabited islands and uninhabited islands, strengthen the management of special-purpose island.
The first section to promote the orderly development of uninhabited islands
Take special support policies, speed up in Zhoushan, hengqin, Pingtan and other key development and opening up of the island. Construction of Zhoushan Islands District, to create marine Comprehensive Development Experimental Zone. Promote the the Hengqin development of open and building a lead in the development of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao to work closely demonstration area. Construction of the Pingtan comprehensive experimental zone, the establishment of the first area of cross-strait exchanges and cooperation. Moderate control of the island population size, to improve the living environment of the island, to protect the natural landscape and historical sites, maintain the ecological balance of the island and its surrounding waters. Vigorously promote the island of basic education, public health, radio and television and other social undertakings, infrastructure to support transportation, telecommunications, water supply, sewage and garbage disposal. Guide the development of special industries, the development of the development and utilization of relevant policies to support remote island.
Section 2 strengthen the protection of uninhabited islands
Strengthen law enforcement efforts to strengthen surveillance monitoring, clean up illegal island activities, strictly limit the development of uninhabited islands with mangroves, coral reefs, lagoons and other special ecosystem, prohibit the dumping of wastes in the uninhabited islands and the surrounding waters. Establishment of the the island survey system, to carry out a comprehensive survey and census names of island resources, set the name of the flag of the island, and improve the island database. Published the uninhabited islands development and utilization Directory to carry out the work of the uninhabited islands cadastral survey, land ownership registration in accordance with the law, the safe implementation of the system of paid use of uninhabited islands. To carry out the island ecological assessment, the typical island implementation of ecological restoration, the implementation of eco-island development and utilization mode.
Section III strengthen the special purpose Island Management
Carry out baseline point island visits. To strengthen baseline point island protection, delineation of the scope of protection, to keep the baseline point of the island and its surrounding area topography, stability, repair severely damaged the island’s territorial waters basis points. Active role in protecting national defense purposes island, prohibited from engaging in various activities affecting the national defense. Influential special island’s maritime rights and interests and maritime delimitation to strengthen the aids to navigation navigation, hydro-meteorological observations, seismic monitoring, marine disaster prevention and mitigation, and other public facilities. Strengthen the island nature reserves and protected areas, and the establishment the island sanctuaries popularization of science and the island eco-environmental protection publicity and education base.
Chapter 6. The Marine Environment Protection
Adhere to the land and sea to co-ordinate, Hohai balance, coordination and cooperation mechanism to improve the protection of the marine environment and the implementation of the pollution of the marine environment, capacity and coastal waters based pollutant emission control system, to reverse the trend of deterioration of the quality of the marine environment from the source.
The first section to improve the prevention and control of marine pollution efforts
Implementation of pollutants into the sea total control, the preparation of the implementation of the coastal waters pollution prevention planning. To strengthen the monitoring and evaluation of the Bohai Sea, Yangtze Delta, the Pearl River estuary and other key ocean environmental capacity and pollutants discharging into the sea total focus on strengthening the supervision of vertical sea pollution sources, to strengthen the integrated environmental management of inshore waters focus, the implementation of watershed – marine pollution property discharging into the sea total control demonstration project. Strengthen the offshore oil exploration and development, marine construction projects, Ocean Dumping activities of the whole process of supervision and management, increase marine environmental law enforcement efforts to investigate and deal with. Oil zero emissions of pollutants plan the implementation of the ship and its related activities, the establishment of marine oil sewage, ballast water, sewage and solid waste tracking system, strengthen the ship pollutants receiving and port pollution treatment facilities. Amendments to the relevant laws and regulations, establish and improve marine pollution damage compensation mechanism, the implementation of the oil pollution compensation fund system, to carry out oil exploration and development of marine engineering and large waterfront Marine Pollution Compensation System. Coastal areas should be based on the marine function zoning, offshore environmental function zoning, determine the total amount of nitrogen and phosphorus nutrients, chemical oxygen demand, oil and other characteristics of pollutants control objectives, the development and implementation of key estuary waters of various pollutants The row total sea distribution plan and cut programs to improve the environmental quality of coastal waters. In 2015, the moderate and severe pollution of the sea area is 10% less than in 2010.
Section II to strengthen the monitoring and evaluation of the marine environment
Management of the marine environment by the post-management to the whole process of regulatory changes, continue to improve the national, provincial, city and county combined marine environment monitoring system, to carry out the construction of marine environmental monitoring agency standardization. Promote marine environmental monitoring network construction, upgrading of equipment capacity and technical level, the monitoring of China’s sea areas under the jurisdiction of various environmental factors. The establishment of marine environmental protection data sharing mechanism, deepen the analysis and evaluation of marine environmental monitoring information, improve the marine environmental quality announcement system and the state of the environment reporting system. Into the sea sewage mouth, straight row of sea pollution sources, major marine engineering, etc. to strengthen supervision of marine environmental monitoring; mariculture area, an important coastal beach, rare and endangered marine biological activity area is concentrated red tide (green) easy hair District and other direct relationship to economic and social development, public health and safety, The marine ecological security waters to carry out marine environmental quality monitoring. Cruise offshore oil exploration and development of the periodic monitoring, communication and published on a regular basis. Strengthen the monitoring and evaluation of persistent organic pollutants, heavy metals, endocrine disruptors, biological toxins.
Section III strengthen the management and disposal of major marine pollution incidents
Improve the marine environment emergency response mechanism, improve the various types of marine environmental disasters and emergency response plans, emergency monitoring and early warning capabilities improve the whole ocean. To carry out coastal environment sources of risk and environmental impact areas to survey the establishment of marine environmental risk information database, strengthening marine environmental risk assessment. Enhance marine oil spill risk assessment in the country’s major marine oil spill emergency response on the basis of the inter-ministerial joint conference system, regularly carry out hidden investigation, to strengthen the oil spill risk management measures, and improve the marine oil spill emergency linkage mechanism. The nuclear accident marine environmental monitoring plan, develop responses to carry out key sea marine environmental radioactivity monitoring and evaluation. And improve the marine environment, emergency communications and release system, and strengthen the event handling open and transparent, clear the government’s response, to raise public prevention skills.
Chapter 7. The marine ecological protection and restoration
To increase marine ecological protection and restoration efforts, construction of the coast with blue ecological barrier restore the the marine ecological functions, improve the bearing capacity of marine ecosystems.
The first section to strengthen the protection of marine biodiversity
The preparation of the implementation of the marine ecological protection and construction planning. To carry out marine biodiversity surveys, focusing on the 98 marine biodiversity priority conservation areas to carry out the investigation and evaluation. The establishment of marine biological sample libraries and important marine life germplasm library, the establishment of marine biodiversity information management system. To strengthen the management of marine endangered species protection and the prevention of invasive alien species, and the construction of the aquatic nature reserves and marine aquatic germplasm resources of protected areas. Strengthen the planning and management of all kinds of marine protected areas, improve the infrastructure and standard system of marine protected areas. 2015, a new national marine nature reserve of 3, 44 special marine protected areas, promote the formation of a network of marine protected areas. Study the establishment of marine ecological compensation mechanism, to select typical waters to carry out marine pilot ecological compensation.
Section 2 promote the repair of marine ecosystems
Protection and restoration of coastal wetlands, salt marshes, mangroves, coral reefs and seagrass beds and other important marine ecosystems. To strengthen marine ecological restoration technology research, the implementation of the marine ecosystem restoration project, the construction of 25 living marine resources restoration area, to carry out the 35 coastal wetland ecological restoration, new tidal wetlands vegetation area of 200 square kilometers, of which 100 square kilometers of mangrove plantations, restore reed 100 square kilometers of wetlands. Carried out in the waters of the Guangdong Daya Bay and Peninsula, Weizhou, Guangxi, Hainan and surrounding Xisha Coral Reef artificial breeding and ecological restoration. Planning and construction of the marine ecological civilization demonstration area in the coastal region.
Section III strengthen the marine ecological monitoring and ecological disaster management
Marine ecological monitoring capacity, improve the marine ecological monitoring system, strengthening the marine ecological disaster warning and prevention and control work. Improve the capacity of the the satellite aerial remote sensing, remote video and on-line automatic monitoring, 18 new marine ecological monitoring stations. Construction monitoring network of marine green tide, jellyfish, invasive alien species, biological predators, viruses and other diseases, to strengthen marine red tide monitoring, the formation of 20 key ecological monitoring area. To carry out marine ecological disaster prevention technology demonstration, to strengthen the marine ecological disaster prevention and control demonstration project construction.
Chapter 8 The marine macro-economic control
Adhere to the co-ordination of land and sea, to strengthen the guidance for the development of marine economy, regulation and service, adjust the marine industry structure, optimize the layout of the marine economy, accelerate the transformation of the mode of development of marine economy, laid the economic foundation of the marine power.
The first section to strengthen the guidance and regulation of marine economy
Research in support of marine industrial structure adjustment of finance, banking, tax policy, the development of guidance to promote the development of marine economy. Release marine industry give priority to the development of the directory, the development of industry standards and technical standards, to promote ocean circulation model of economic development, and strictly limit the high energy consumption, high pollution of the marine industry. The preparation of the marine economic development plan to strengthen planning guidance on the marine economy. To keep the marine aquaculture industry to grow steadily, and strengthen the foundation of marine fisheries in the marine economy. Vigorously promote the development of marine drugs and biological products, desalination and comprehensive utilization of ocean energy, high-end shipbuilding and marine engineering equipment, marine new materials, deep-sea resources and other emerging industries. Strengthen the marine economic statistics, Statistical Bulletin published on a regular basis, information service platform to build marine economy. To carry out national marine economic survey work to strengthen the monitoring and evaluation of national marine economy run. Continue to reclamation program management as an important means of macroeconomic regulation and control, scientific guide the investment size and spatial distribution of the coastal areas of industrial development.
Section II of the implementation of the marine strategy of the main functional areas
Develop and implement marine main functional area planning to play a strategic guidance role, within a reasonable division of water and territorial sea, the islands, the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf of the main function, the implementation of marine spatial classification management, the implementation of differentiated performance evaluation, optimization spatial layout of the exploitation of marine resources. Implementation of optimized development of the high degree of utilization of the waters, the pressure of the marine ecosystem, to highlight the development of marine resources, marine industry activities and the need to adjust economic structure of the sea. Location advantages obvious and prominent strategic position, environmental carrying capacity of marine resources, marine economic development potential, suitable for high-intensity focus on the development of the waters and islands of the implementation of key development. The relationship between China’s waters and shoreline ecological security, the need to maintain and improve fisheries production capacity waters and islands implementation of restricted development. Implement the ban on the typical or representative marine ecosystems, rare and endangered marine life, economically important marine organisms living area, underwater heritage conservation area, where the waters of the great scientific and cultural value of marine natural historical and natural landscape and island development.
Section III promote the development of marine economy pilot
Support Shandong, Zhejiang, Guangdong, Fujian and Tianjin to carry out the development of marine economy pilot work in deepening reform, optimize the structure of marine economy, to strengthen marine ecological civilization, innovation and institutional mechanisms for integrated management pilot, to strengthen the development of the marine economy of the pilot areas the follow guidance, supervision and inspection, lessons learned working for the National Marine Economy scientific development demonstration. Continue to support the development of the coastal areas of focus on developing open form a rational layout, complementary advantages, the development of an orderly and distinctive marine industry cluster area.
Chapter 9. Ocean public service
Promote oceanographic survey and mapping, marine information technology and marine standard measurement, and strengthen marine fisheries and maritime traffic service support capability, enhance the marine public service quality and level.
The first section strengthen oceanographic survey and mapping
Strengthen the overall planning and management of the marine survey, carried out the fine on the investigation and mapping of coastal waters. Regularly updated Offshore Marine Resources and Environment basic data and basic maps, to improve its marine underlying database system. Accelerate the implementation of the Marine Geology security engineering. Expansion of ocean exploration and space research, strengthen the comprehensive survey of the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf, the waters of the Outer Continental Shelf, an important resource for special investigation, continue to carry out international waters resources survey and evaluation. Strengthen the global marine geospatial information infrastructure. Study the establishment of marine survey vessels access system, promote the sharing of large marine survey detection equipment and analysis of test instruments.
Section 2 enhance the level of information of marine
Co-ordination of marine information technology work, the preparation of marine information technology development plan. Speed up the construction of marine information standardization, and promote unified management and sharing of information resources, relying on national e-government network, restructured and integrated marine information service network. Construction of the marine environment and basic geographic information service platform, the theme of the sea island management, ecological and environmental protection, marine disaster prevention and mitigation, monitoring of marine economy, basic scientific research, to promote ocean management and service information. Continue to build “Digital Ocean” to speed up the marine digital archive and library construction. And improve the marine information release system, strengthen public services. Further strengthen marine information management, protection of national marine information security.
Section III sound of the ocean is measured as the standard service system
Strengthen marine Standardization Technical Committee working mechanism, improve the quality of supervision and management system, the construction of marine technology, product quality supervision and inspection center. Focus on strengthening the exploration and exploitation of marine resources, marine high-tech industries, ocean observing, forecasting and disaster prevention and mitigation standard system. Establishment of marine standard effects assessment system, the construction of the National Oceanic standard information service platform. Strengthening the marine standard measurement of international cooperation, the construction of the Asia-Pacific Regional Marine Instrument test and evaluation center.
Section 4 Marine Fisheries Service
Strengthen the guidance for the development of marine fisheries, optimize the layout of the fishing port construction, renovation and expansion of a number of key coastal fishing port, improve construction standards, improve communication, monitoring, navigation and other facilities appropriate to increase the layout density in the typhoon-prone region in the southeast. 2015, the basic form the perfect coastal fishing port network, 70% of the fishing boats the nearest service. Fishing village water supply, transportation and communication infrastructure the fishermen improve production and living conditions, increase job transfer policy support, to carry out the training of fishermen to diversify employment. Improve the breeding of marine aquatic breeding, aquaculture technology promotion and disease prevention and control service system, strengthen the supervision of the quality and safety of seafood, to strengthen fishery production safety and law enforcement inspection. Promote fisheries insurance policy.
Section 5 to strengthen the safety of maritime traffic services
Increase maritime shipping regulation and intensity of services, optimize the layout of vessel traffic management system, improve the coastal trunk beacon system, and built the Xisha, Nansha waters of public aids to navigation, navigation safety at cruise extended to the exclusive economic zone and other waters under the jurisdiction. Carry out coastal the civil port and route mapping, to update important navigable waters, energy Dagang chart. VHF secure communication system layout, improve the nation’s coastal inshore waters and coast 25 nautical miles full coverage. Purchase of helicopters, fixed-wing aircraft, the construction of cruise ships, beacon boat, tracking ship, and promote maritime security bases. Establish and improve the safety of maritime traffic emergency rescue command structure, improve maritime search and rescue emergency plan system, regularly carry out joint maritime search and rescue exercise, and actively promote the search and rescue of international cooperation. 2015, within 100 nautical miles of the Bohai Bay, the Yangtze River Estuary, Taiwan Strait, the mouth of the Pearl River, Qiongzhou Strait, the South China Sea waters offshore, regulatory relief force arrived not more than 90 minutes.
Section VI waters maintain peace and stability
Innovative maritime security management, improve the comprehensive management of maritime security mechanisms. The preparation of the waters safe construction and development planning, implementing domestic waters, territorial sea and contiguous zone normal security patrols to combat crime at sea. Improvement immigration ship of border services, improve the efficiency of ship Exit and Entry Frontier Inspection. Precise control port ships on international voyages, to protect the safety and security of ports and ships. Enhance maritime security management service capabilities, reasonable armed maritime police force, improve the conditions of the coastal ports, docks and monitoring systems and other infrastructure and customs clearance, strengthen the construction of sea 110 security alarm service platform, and strengthened maritime mass prevention network to strengthen the capacity building of law enforcement equipment.
Chapter 10. Ocean disaster prevention and mitigation.
Enhance awareness of marine disasters, to strengthen marine disaster risk prevention and emergency response management, to accelerate the advancement of marine disaster observation capabilities and early warning and forecast service levels, and enhance the marine sector to address climate change, improve the marine disaster prevention and mitigation system to protect people’s lives and property safety .
The first section to strengthen marine disaster risk prevention capability
To carry out a the National Marine disaster risk assessment and zoning, economic development strategy for coastal areas and sea-related engineering protection standards to develop scientific guidance. Establishment of major construction projects along the coast marine disaster risk evaluation system, development of a risk evaluation of technical specifications, stabling coastal nuclear power plants, chemical companies, large industrial parks and urban development areas to carry out risk investigation and elimination of security risks in a timely manner. Areas focus on prevention of marine disasters, the establishment of industrial parks, construction of major projects in the project feasibility study phase should carry out marine disaster risk assessment, prediction and assessment of tsunami, storm surges and other marine disasters.
Establish and improve category management, graded responsibility, compartmentalized integration of territorial management of the marine disaster emergency management system. Improve the marine disaster contingency plans, the establishment of disaster warning multisectoral emergency linkage mechanism, organize the topic of emergency management training and emergency drills on a regular basis. Marine Disaster Reduction Center of Construction and mobile emergency command platform to strengthen marine disaster information quick access to capacity-building, improve the ability of equipment to deal with all types of marine disasters, technological level and material reserves. Good marine disaster prevention and mitigation publicity and education to enhance the whole society marine disaster prevention awareness.
Section 2 enhance the marine forecast service levels
Oceanographic, meteorological, seismic, environmental protection, water conservancy, maritime, civil affairs, fisheries department in charge of coordination and cooperation to further improve ocean forecasting system, to form a hierarchical partition, goal-oriented, complementary marine forecast service work pattern. Strengthen the ocean forecasting technology, independent research and development, focus on promoting the fine forecasting of the major coastal facilities, industry-intensive areas and densely populated areas. Expand the field of marine forecasting services, enrich the content of services, the establishment of fishery production, the ocean route security, maritime search and rescue, offshore oil and gas production and other special services system. 2015, storm surges, waves, ocean current numerical forecast period from 3 days to 5 days, inshore spatial resolution from 4000 meters up to 100 meters, to carry out marine disasters 3-6 hours before the short-term nowcasting. Strengthen marine warning information dissemination, timely release of disaster warning information through various media, social service functions to enhance marine forecasts.
Section III enhanced marine to address climate change
Enhance ocean analysis and forecasting the impacts of climate change, to carry out the sea of El Nino, La Nina – the gas situation forecasting of climate impacts, and regularly publish all kinds of analysis and forecast products. Develop climate change investigation and assessment system and carry out sea-level rise, marine ecosystem degradation monitoring surveys and trend analysis of the social impact of China’s coastal economic work. Coastal wetlands protection and shelter belts, moisture engineering construction, the coastal various major projects and urban municipal drainage facilities design standards, enhance the ability of coastal areas to address climate change.
Section 4 Marine Disaster Observation
Strengthen the planning, optimize the layout, increase the observation of marine disaster coverage density, Offshore observation capacity, perfect for coastal observations, the combination of seafloor observatory, offshore platforms, buoys, submerged buoys, ships, aerial remote sensing and satellite remote sensing and other means ocean three-dimensional disaster observation network to improve the ability of observation network operations support. Strengthen the observation capacity building of the waters of the sea important channel, and other key international routes. Vigorously promote voluntary boats and emergency mobile observation intensify tsunami monitoring. Further strengthen marine sectional survey, to increase the number and frequency, to improve the level of survey equipment.
Chapter 11. Maritime rights and interests Maintenance
Implementation of the the normal marine rights Cruise enforcement, various forms of ocean activism, deepen Relevant Research, enhanced waters under the jurisdiction of the actual control, to enhance maritime navigation safety and security, to safeguard national maritime rights and interests.
The first section to strengthen law enforcement in the field of maritime rights cruise
To strengthen the regular defenders cruise on China’s sea areas under the jurisdiction of the law enforcement, to further improve maritime rights enforcement and control capability, the purchase, construction support base for the enforcement of the rights cruise ships, aircraft, construction, to enhance surveillance monitoring and communication liaison capacity.
Section II to carry out various forms of marine activism
Carried out in traditional fishing grounds the normalized HuYu activism to protect the production activities of Chinese fishing boats in the East China Sea, South China Sea, the traditional fishing areas. Hainan international tourism island, scientific planning Xisha, Nansha tourist routes. The establishment of marine protected areas in the waters under the jurisdiction and reefs, strengthen environmental protection and management of marine ecosystems. In accordance with the relevant provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea “, and actively promote the development of natural resources in the high seas and international seabed area, scientific research and other activities. Strengthen internal and external declaration and interpretation of China’s maritime rights and interests advocated correctly guide public opinion.
Section III maintenance of international Safety of Maritime Navigation
To deepen maritime country cooperation in maritime management system, strengthen the safety of maritime strategy, channel security consultation and dialogue and coordination mechanism, expand pragmatic cooperation in the fight against piracy, terrorism, smuggling and narcotics, search and rescue and other fields, and jointly safeguard the important maritime transport channel security. Strengthen mutually beneficial cooperation in the field of ocean observations, hydrographic, environmental protection and disaster forecasting, navigation support capacity-building and an important channel of coastal States. Actively involved in the maintenance of security in the Malacca Strait regional affairs and maritime cooperation.
Chapter 12. International marine affairs
Expand bilateral and multilateral cooperation in space-marine, and actively guide the regional maritime cooperation, and earnestly fulfill its international responsibilities and obligations, and comprehensively improve the ability of China’s participation in international maritime affairs.
Section 1 full participation in international maritime affairs
Actively participate in relevant United Nations Division for Ocean Affairs and increased participation in international marine rulemaking and ocean affairs consultative capacity. Strengthen the substantive participation of the UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, the International Seabed Authority and other agencies. Deepen the study of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, tracking the world practice the latest situation of the Convention. International maritime order to accurately grasp the new trends, good policy of the important international affairs, law, science, technology and the implementation plan of the reserve, to improve the judgments and ability to act. Deeply involved in the protection of the marine environment the seabed resources development and management of fisheries resources, maritime and salvage involved in the formulation of the sea international conventions, treaties, rules, the revision. Promote cooperation with the relevant national and international organizations, and actively carry out international maritime cooperation research and technology training. Actively participate in the informal consultations of the United Nations Atlas of the Oceans and the Law of the Sea, “GMA regularly assess the work, follow-up study of deep-sea biological genetic resources, protected areas on the high seas and international marine hot issues.
Second expand the development of bilateral maritime cooperation
Actively carry out cooperation between government, research institutions, to build a platform for cooperation, strengthen ocean observations and surveys, environmental protection and evaluation of marine ecosystems, marine disasters and disaster prevention and mitigation, climate change and preventive measures, marine economic development policies and cooperation in the field of marine management. Promote Indonesia Marine and Climate Change Joint Research Centre building, increase marine disaster prevention and mitigation in developing countries for capacity-building support and technical assistance efforts. Strengthen and developed countries, emerging economies, and actively promote cooperation and exchanges in the forefront of marine science, operational oceanography, marine policy and management, information sharing, education and training, tourism development of marine renewable energy development, desalination, marine biological engineering, the development of marine mineral resources, the resource utilization of ocean space, polar expedition of marine technology exchanges and cooperation.
Section III actively guide the multilateral regional cooperation
Strengthen the cooperation with the countries concerned in the field of ocean policy, marine ecology, environmental protection and disaster prevention and mitigation, and promote the construction of the South China Sea tsunami warning and mitigation systems. Support and participate in the United Nations Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission launched a major ocean science programs and activities, organization and implementation of the regional maritime cooperation projects. Actively develop cooperation with the North Pacific scientific organizations, international SCOR International Ocean Institute and other international organizations and non-governmental organizations. Further play an important role in the APEC Marine Working Group to do APEC Ocean Center for Sustainable Development.
Chapter 13. International waters resources survey and polar expedition
Continuing resources survey carried out in international waters, deepening the Polar Expedition, to strengthen international waters resources survey and polar scientific investigation capacity building, and to contribute to world peace and human use of marine.
The first section strengthen the investigation and evaluation of resources and the environment in international waters
Polymetallic sulphides and cobalt-rich crusts and bio-genetic resources survey, carried out in the international seabed proposed application of polymetallic sulphides and cobalt-rich crust exploration prospects in a timely manner. Carry out the resource evaluation of the polymetallic nodules in the contract area. To carry out the International Seabed environment, to strengthen the deep typical habitat biodiversity surveys and evaluation, to carry out deep-sea organisms, benthos and plankton. Strengthen the deep-sea biological genetic resources collection, preservation, extraction and culture technology in the development of deep-sea biological resources utilization technologies.
Section II deepen Polar Expedition
Comprehensive survey of implementation of the Antarctic continent and the surrounding the key sea, the Arctic marine environment. Deepen the polar scientific investigation and research, focusing on basic scientific research in the field of glaciers, oceans, atmosphere, geology and geophysics, astronomy. Strengthen the of polar biological resources survey and the use of research to carry out the collection and assessment of polar microbial genetic resources. Strengthen the Arctic waterway use surveys and research, actively participate in international cooperation in related fields. Improve the polar observing systems, north and south poles comprehensive survey of normalization. Effectively carry out the construction and management of Antarctic protected areas.
Section III accelerate the International Marine Investigation polar expedition capacity building
New ocean research vessel and manned submersible support the mother ship, to improve the load capacity. Increase the deep-sea mineral resources exploration, mining, metallurgical processing technology and equipment research and development efforts. Speed up the construction of the national deep-sea base, deep-sea resources survey, deep-sea technology and equipment research and development of integrated support capabilities. Planning and construction of ocean survey the overseas support security site. Polar scientific investigation and support capabilities, planning and construction of the new research station in the Antarctic, and the construction of fixed-wing aircraft, Antarctica security system, improve the capacity of polar exploration land transport equipment, the implementation of the polar expedition icebreaker construction works to ensure that the the polar expedition time of more than 200 days a year. Implementation of the polar scientific expedition to the upgrading of the domestic base, focus on strengthening the experimental analysis, data processing, multi-disciplinary research, information and data sharing and the International Polar exchange of information function.
Chapter 14 Marine science and technology
Adhere to deepen offshore strengthening far out at sea, support the development, guiding the future, strengthen basic marine, forward-looking and key technology research, accelerate the transformation of scientific and technological achievements of the ocean, to improve the ability to support marine science and technology for marine development, protection and integrated management.
The first section deepen the marine basic scientific research
Around the national strategic needs, a number of major basic science breakthrough, and promote the overall level of marine science. Focus on the study of the ocean and climate, marine biodiversity, land and sea interactions, submarine deep processes and other major cutting-edge issues. Strengthen research in the field of Physical Oceanography, marine life, marine geology and geophysics, marine chemistry and other advantages. Support engineering oceanography, polar oceanography, marine observation technology and other emerging areas of research. State Key Laboratory promote marine science and scientific innovation bases. Expand the field of scientific observation site construction, improve the marine scientific observation networks to promote the integrated maritime scientific testing ground for construction.
The marine strategic foresight technical development in section II of
Deepen the deep-sea exploration technology research, to speed up the research and development of high-tech marine engineering equipment, to promote the “dragon” deep pilot applications. To strengthen the deep underwater vehicles, life-support systems, high specific energy power plant, high-fidelity sampling and long-distance transmission, deep-sea equipment manufacturing technology research and development, the overloaded job type underwater robot localization of equipment and technology. Development of ocean observing technology to improve the capability of independent innovation, breaking a number of marine ecology and dynamic environment observation core technology to accelerate the development of seafloor observatory network technology. Emission marine series of satellites, improve data ground receiving stations, and deepen the development and application of marine satellite remote sensing technology. Special ship equipment and technology research and development, focusing on the development of key technology of deep-sea drilling vessel, ocean fishing vessels and equipment, key technologies, far-reaching sea multifunctional mobile artificial island key technologies, marine salvage operation ships and deep diving salvage operation technology and supporting equipment . Continue to develop deep-sea exploration technology, strengthen the ocean, the seabed parameters rapid investigation and three-dimensional exploration technology, hydrothermal area in situ observation and evaluation techniques, deep-sea mineral resources and biological resources sampling key technology and engineering prototype research and development. Study carbon dioxide seabed sequestration technology.
Section 3 to promote the industrialization of marine technology
Improve marine science and technology innovation and institutional mechanisms, to do a good job in marine science and technology investment and financing platform, and actively promote the combination to play the main role in the achievement transformation, promote the formation of regional marine science and technology industry alliance. The implementation of the Technology and the Sea works to promote the achievements transformation and industrialization. Marine industrial technology R & D transformation centers and incubators building and promoting the Centre of Marine Engineering Technology (Research), the base of the marine technology achievements transformation and industrialization of high technology, marine technology center for the promotion of construction, and guide marine life, marine engineering equipment manufacturing, comprehensive utilization of seawater marine clean-up and marine scientific research can speed up the transformation. The development of seed breeding, green farming and deep processing of marine living resources development and efficient utilization technologies. Speed up the deep-sea biological resources and technology into industry breakthrough in deep-sea biological products, industrial enzymes and bio-metallurgy, planning and construction of marine biomedical industry park and marine trough. Build marine renewable energy development and utilization experiment platform, to improve its marine renewable energy standard system, the accelerate ocean energy industrialization process. Strengthen desalination technology research and development, demonstration and operational mechanism of the integrated innovation, developing new energy and desalination joint technology demonstration applications, to achieve the above-ton large-scale desalination, seawater circulating cooling engineering demonstration and promotion of industrialization, 2015 reverse osmosis and distillation desalination stand-alone reached 15,000 cubic meters / day and 25,000 cubic meters / day. Vigorously promote the deepwater oil and gas production operations and equipment, deep sea generic materials, basic components industrialization development.
Chapter 15 Marine education and personnel training
Implementation of Oceanwide talent strategy, accelerate the development of marine education, to strengthen high-level innovative talents training, improve the marine personnel working system mechanism, the performance of marine personnel, and promote the overall development of the construction of marine personnel.
The first section accelerate the development of marine education
To support the development of marine Higher Education, adjust and optimize involving institutions of higher learning and sea marine disciplines set to expand the scale of professional school, promoting key disciplines and laboratory construction, strengthen domestic and international academic exchanges and cooperation, and actively cultivate with international standards and geographical characteristics of the ocean institutions and professional. Basic disciplines of marine education in terms of funding, support policies to be appropriate tilt. Positive development of graduate education, reform the training mode. Implementation of the marine personnel training to build a plan, to continue to promote the the marine departments (units) to build cooperation with the relevant institutions of higher learning. To strengthen marine vocational education and training, and the growth of professional skilled personnel. Development of marine industry continues to educational planning and implementation measures.
Section II cultivating innovative leading talent
The implementation of the marine training development plans, marine science and technology of high-level creative talent plans to introduce leading talent and innovative team. Major state projects, Key Laboratory of post-doctoral research flows (work) stations and build a high-level innovative talents training base. Sound is conducive to the introduction of entrepreneurial talent and team formation, training, evaluation and incentive mechanism. Improve the chief scientist, chief expert and system of ad hoc experts, the person in charge of the technical and administrative head of system of separation of the implementation of major marine science and survey items. Support our scientists to participate in major international marine scientific research project, the lead in organizing major international collaborative research projects. Promoting Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan regions, exchanges and cooperation in marine science and technology education and training of personnel. Marine high-tech industrial park and sea-related Overseas Students Pioneer Park as the carrier, to increase efforts to support home business for high-level overseas talent, provide a full range of services for the introduction of talent.
Section III co-ordinate the construction of marine personnel
According to the development needs of the marine industry, to strengthen marine engineering equipment and technology, marine resources development and utilization of technology, the marine public service professional technology, marine management, marine highly skilled and international marine personnel building. Development of key marine industry talent development directory, study key areas marine professional and technical personnel training and incentive policies. Guide enterprises to participate in major national marine special to gather personnel training, research and development practice and industrialization process. Stable marine professional and technical direction of the work to strengthen the training of professional and technical team. Encourage marine-related professional graduates to the the grassroots stations, ocean-going vessels, remote islands and other front-line areas and hardship posts Internship. Implementation of marine outstanding young scientific and technical personnel training programs, development of the cause of marine reserves talents. To carry out the marine personnel dynamic tracking statistical work to form a monitoring and evaluation system, to promote the efficient allocation of talent and the rational flow.
Chapter 16 Marine laws and regulations.
Persists in governing the sea, the sea, and improve the marine legal system for protection in accordance with the law, improve the marine law enforcement and supervision mechanism, and constantly improve the marine administration according to law and comprehensive marine management level.
The first section to strengthen maritime legislation
Improve maritime legislation framework to improve the relevance and forward-looking maritime legislation, promote the marine legislative work carried out in an orderly manner. Accelerate the development of the Antarctic campaign management regulations and other laws and regulations. Strengthen the marine economy, the Bohai Sea region, the marine disaster prevention and mitigation, ocean cruise law enforcement, ocean exploration, military legislation with the Maritime Administration and the Basic Law of the ocean. Further improve the use of sea areas, maritime traffic safety, marine dumping of waste and other aspects of the legal system. Develop supporting the implementation details with the relevant laws to ensure the operability of the marine law enforcement. Study the establishment of laws and regulations, the implementation of impact assessment system. Support the coastal areas to the introduction of local marine laws and government regulations, sound up and down the coordination of laws and regulations system. Promote the popularization and promotion of marine laws and regulations.
Section 2 improve the level of administration according to law
Strengthen the contingent of cadres and the rule of law education, enhance the concept of administration according to law, to raise the level of law enforcement. Strengthen marine law enforcement system, focusing on strengthening the use of sea areas, the use of uninhabited islands, system construction and management of the marine environment impact assessment and marine engineering examination and approval procedures, a standardized administrative decision-making process, the implementation of expert advice, review the legality of the risk assessment, major decision-making hearings, the government information disclosure system. Strengthen maritime domain petition and administrative review, improve reporting and complaint platform, the implementation of the administrative review committee system establish sound administrative penalties, license, mandatory, reconsideration behavior review process, and resolve all kinds of sea contradictions.
Chapter 17 Maritime awareness and cultural
Establish awareness and the concept of building a maritime power, excavation and protection of the marine cultural heritage, cultivate marine culture industries, and promote the the marine cultural prosperity and development, and enhance the marine industry to the development of soft power.
The first section to improve the nation maritime awareness
Develop guidance raise the nation’s maritime awareness. Promote the schools Ocean basics of education, strengthen the institutions of higher learning marine science and culture and universal education. Make full use of the Museum of Natural History, science museums, galleries and other types of venues, the construction of a number of marine science education base, improve the function of marine protected areas in science education. Actively promote the National Maritime Museum and China National Offshore archives building. Marine culture and actively carry out theoretical research, compilation of marine history of civilization in China, published a series of marine culture, science and education. Using various types of news media in various forms to carry out marine and propaganda work. Organize the activities of marine knowledge contest, marine camp, Ocean Expo, continue to run the “World Oceans Day and the National Ocean Awareness Day” marine-themed promotional and cultural activities.
Section 2 protection of the marine cultural heritage
The development of maritime heritage conservation planning. Strengthen maritime heritage studies and surveys, preliminary investigate China’s sea-related cultural relics and intangible cultural heritage quantity, size and conservation status. Strengthen the ocean underwater cultural heritage protection, the implementation of the South China Sea I, South Australia I wrecks and underwater Xisha key cultural relics protection project to improve the of Underwater Archaeology technology and equipment level. Strengthen the construction of underwater heritage conservation area at all levels, strengthen law enforcement efforts to protect the safety of the waters under the jurisdiction of underwater cultural heritage. The system finishing to protect folk festivals and customs, literature and art, traditional art, food and dress and other sea-related intangible cultural heritage and representative inheritors expand cultural heritage Utilization. Strengthen the construction of (Xiangshan) marine fish culture ecological protection zone. Explore the heritage and promote the Mazu culture, the marine business culture marine Silk Road, Zheng He’s voyages sailing culture that encourages the creation and display of the works of art of all kinds of marine culture issue.
Section III cultivate marine culture industry
To strengthen government guidance and training, the implementation of major marine cultural industry projects to lead the marine cultural industries, promote the industrial base of marine culture and regional characteristics of marine clusters of cultural industries. Preparation of marine culture development planning, policies to support the development of marine development of cultural industries, the establishment of a marine culture fund to encourage cross-ownership management and restructuring, and promote the integration of marine culture and manufacturing, service industry and high-tech industries, and improve the level of scale. The positive development of marine culture and entertainment, travel and leisure, sports and other industries, foster a number of high-quality marine tourist attractions and tours, to create a national quality coastal and island tours with. Continue to do a good job in Qingdao International Marine Festival, Xiamen International Ocean Week, Xiangshan Fishing Festival, Pingtan International Sand Sculpture Festival distinctive marine festivals, cultural platform to build investment, gathering industry.
Chapter 18 Protection measures
Fully understanding the ocean’s strategic position and an important role in the overall development of a sense of urgency and sense of urgency to strengthen the co-ordination of the Division for Ocean Affairs and the marine economy to strengthen macro-control, to increase support for the marine industry, and strive to improve marine development , control, and management capabilities.
Section 1 to develop ocean development strategy
Establish the the marine scientific development concept and the concept of equity, grasp the development trend of the global ocean, carry out the development of the marine strategic direction and policy research on major issues. Develop and implement a national marine development strategy, co-ordination of internal water, territorial sea and contiguous zone, the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf, the high seas and international seabed area as well as the north and south poles of reality and the potential benefits of co-ordinating the National Oceanic and political, diplomatic, security, economic management work, the formation of a joint force to promote the development of the marine industry.
Section II of the implementation of comprehensive marine management
Promote the establishment of marine affairs high-level coordination mechanism to strengthen co-ordination and communication with sea-related management departments to improve the linkage between central and local marine management, enhance the effectiveness of marine administration. According to the national macro-policy orientation, the integrated use of the waters and islands, marine fisheries, marine maritime, marine ecological and environmental protection, and other management tools, implementation guide and regulate the development of marine industry and marine economic operation, to improve the overall management of the exploitation of marine resources and protection regulation efficiency.
Section III strengthen the planning supporting guidance
The relevant departments under the State Council and coastal governments at all levels to combine the job function, based on the actual situation of the development of marine industry, to speed up related to the development of marine economy, marine ecological and environmental protection, the cultivation of key marine industry, marine science and technology R & D conversion plan for the implementation , the implementation of supporting policies and measures regulation, give full play to all kinds of marine planning guidance, to promote the coastal areas of the adjustment of industrial structure and layout optimization, accelerate the development pattern. Development and reform departments at all levels and marine administrative departments should establish a marine career development planning and implementation supervision and inspection and evaluation mechanisms, and report regularly to the same level government and higher authorities.
Section 4 will increase government funding
The relevant departments of the State Council to increase support to the marine industry in the arrangement of the budget and investment plan, in accordance with the overall consideration, prioritized, avoid redundant construction principles, give priority to safeguard the implementation of the National Oceanic and major projects in the field of. Coastal local governments at all levels in the development of the national economy and social development planning, the marine career development plan and budget in an important position, and further increase the basis of capacity-building, capital investment and support of major projects. To co-ordinate and standardize the use of sea areas the use of gold, focus on strengthening the protection of the marine environment and ecological restoration, and to strengthen the performance evaluation and audit oversight.